emkr_Current_Folio_10Q

Table of Contents

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

☒   QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended December 31, 2019

 

or

 

◻   TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ___ to ___

 

Commission File Number 001‑36632

 

Picture 1

 

 EMCORE Corporation

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

 

New Jersey

    

22‑2746503

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

2015 W. Chestnut Street, Alhambra, California, 91803

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:  (626) 293‑3400

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

 

 

 

Title of Each Class

Trading Symbol

Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered

Common stock, no par value

EMKR

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC (Nasdaq Global Market)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. ☑ Yes    ◻ No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). ☑ Yes    ◻ No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company.  See the definition of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b‑2 of the Exchange Act.     ◻ Large accelerated filer       ☑Accelerated filer       Non-accelerated filer      ☑ Smaller reporting company     ◻ Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ◻

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b‑2 of the Exchange Act).  ◻ Yes  ☑No

 

As of February  3, 2020, the number of shares outstanding of our no par value common stock totaled 29,078,804.

 

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents

 

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT

REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10‑Q includes forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). These forward-looking statements are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements are based on our current expectations and projections about future events and financial trends affecting the financial condition of our business. Such forward-looking statements include, in particular, projections about our future results included in our Exchange Act reports and statements about our plans, strategies, business prospects, changes and trends in our business and the markets in which we operate. These forward-looking statements may be identified by the use of terms and phrases such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “can,” “could,” “estimates,” “expects,” “forecasts,” “intends,” “may,” “plans,” “projects,” “should,” “targets,” “will,” “would,” and similar expressions or variations of these terms and similar phrases. Additionally, statements concerning future matters such as our expected liquidity, development of new products, enhancements or technologies, sales levels, expense levels, expectations regarding the outcome of legal proceedings and other statements regarding matters that are not historical are forward-looking statements. Management cautions that these forward-looking statements relate to future events or our future financial performance and are subject to business, economic, and other risks and uncertainties, both known and unknown, that may cause actual results, levels of activity, performance, or achievements of our business or our industry to be materially different from those expressed or implied by any forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences in results and outcomes include without limitation the following: (a) the rapidly evolving markets for the Company’s products and uncertainty regarding the development of these markets; (b) the Company’s historical dependence on sales to a limited number of customers and fluctuations in the mix of products and customers in any period; (c) delays and other difficulties in commercializing new products; (d) the failure of new products: (i) to perform as expected without material defects, (ii) to be manufactured at acceptable volumes, yields, and cost, (iii) to be qualified and accepted by our customers, and (iv) to successfully compete with products offered by our competitors; (e) uncertainties concerning the availability and cost of commodity materials and specialized product components that we do not make internally; (f) actions by competitors; (g) risks and uncertainties related to applicable laws and regulations, including the impact of changes to applicable tax laws and tariff regulations; (h) acquisition-related risks, including that (i) the revenues and net operating results obtained from the Systron Donner Inertial, Inc. ("SDI") business may not meet our expectations, (ii) the costs and cash expenditures for integration of the SDI business operations may be higher than expected, (iii) there could be losses and liabilities arising from the acquisition of SDI that we will not be able to recover from any source, and (iv) we may not realize sufficient scale in our navigation systems product line from the SDI acquisition and will need to take additional steps, including making additional acquisitions, to achieve our growth objectives for this product line; (i) risks related to our ability to obtain capital; (j) risks related to the transition of certain of our manufacturing operations from our Beijing facility to a contract manufacturer’s facility; and (k) other risks and uncertainties discussed in Part I, Item 1A, Risk Factors in our Annual Report on Form 10‑K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2019, as such risk factors may be amended, supplemented or superseded from time to time by our subsequent periodic reports we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). These cautionary statements apply to all forward-looking statements wherever they appear in this Quarterly Report.

Forward-looking statements are based on certain assumptions and analysis made in light of our experience and perception of historical trends, current conditions and expected future developments as well as other factors that we believe are appropriate under the circumstances. While these statements represent our judgment on what the future may hold, and we believe these judgments are reasonable, these statements are not guarantees of any events or financial results. All forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report are made as of the date hereof, based on information available to us as of the date hereof, and subsequent facts or circumstances may contradict, obviate, undermine, or otherwise fail to support or substantiate such statements. We caution you not to rely on these statements without also considering the risks and uncertainties associated with these statements and our business that are addressed in this Quarterly Report on Form 10‑Q and our Annual Report on Form 10‑K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2019. Certain information included in this Quarterly Report may supersede or supplement forward-looking statements in our other reports filed with the SEC. We assume no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to conform such statements to actual results or to changes in our expectations, except as required by applicable law or regulation.

 

 

Table of Contents

EMCORE Corporation

FORM 10‑Q

For The Quarterly Period Ended December 31, 2019

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

 

    

 

Page

Part I:

 

Financial Information

4

 

 

Item 1.

 

Financial Statements (Unaudited)

4

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the three months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018

4

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2019 and September 30, 2019

5

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity for the three months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018

6

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018

7

 

 

 

 

Notes to our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

8

 

 

Item 2.

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

21

 

 

Item 3.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

29

 

 

Item 4.

 

Controls and Procedures

30

Part II:

 

Other Information

30

 

 

Item 1.

 

Legal Proceedings

30

 

 

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors

30

 

 

Item 6.

 

Exhibits

31

 

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

32

 

 

3

Table of Contents

PART I. Financial Information.

ITEM 1.Financial Statements

EMCORE CORPORATION

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss

For the three months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018

(in thousands, except per share data)

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the three months ended

 

 

December 31, 

 

    

2019

    

2018

Revenue

 

$

25,482

 

$

24,001

Cost of revenue

 

 

18,008

 

 

18,193

Gross profit

 

 

7,474

 

 

5,808

Operating expense:

 

 

  

 

 

  

Selling, general, and administrative

 

 

5,887

 

 

7,593

Research and development

 

 

4,642

 

 

4,019

Gain on sale of assets

 

 

(1,602)

 

 

 —

Total operating expense

 

 

8,927

 

 

11,612

Operating loss

 

 

(1,453)

 

 

(5,804)

Other income:

 

 

  

 

 

  

Interest (expense) income, net

 

 

(15)

 

 

267

Foreign exchange gain

 

 

147

 

 

14

Total other income

 

 

132

 

 

281

Loss before income tax expense

 

 

(1,321)

 

 

(5,523)

Income tax expense

 

 

(14)

 

 

(15)

Net loss

 

$

(1,335)

 

$

(5,538)

Foreign exchange translation adjustment

 

 

(36)

 

 

14

Comprehensive loss

 

$

(1,371)

 

$

(5,524)

Per share data:

 

 

  

 

 

  

Net loss per basic and diluted share

 

$

(0.05)

 

$

(0.20)

Weighted-average number of basic and diluted shares outstanding

 

 

28,832

 

 

27,534

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

4

Table of Contents

EMCORE CORPORATION

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

As of December 31, 2019 and September 30, 2019

(in thousands)

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

As of

    

As of

 

 

December 31, 

 

September 30, 

 

 

2019

 

2019

ASSETS

 

 

  

 

 

  

Current assets:

 

 

  

 

 

  

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

15,356

 

$

21,574

Restricted cash

 

 

30

 

 

403

Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $258 and $148, respectively

 

 

19,279

 

 

18,497

Contract assets

 

 

1,625

 

 

1,055

Inventory

 

 

25,095

 

 

24,051

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

4,984

 

 

6,389

Assets held for sale

 

 

1,678

 

 

 —

Total current assets

 

 

68,047

 

 

71,969

Property, plant, and equipment, net

 

 

33,996

 

 

37,223

Goodwill

 

 

69

 

 

69

Operating lease right-of-use assets

 

 

4,586

 

 

 —

Other intangible assets, net

 

 

229

 

 

239

Other non-current assets

 

 

62

 

 

62

Total assets

 

$

106,989

 

$

109,562

LIABILITIES and SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

  

 

 

  

Current liabilities:

 

 

  

 

 

  

Borrowings from credit facility

 

$

4,459

 

$

5,497

Accounts payable

 

 

10,796

 

 

10,701

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 

 

8,929

 

 

14,521

Operating lease liabilities - current

 

 

823

 

 

 —

Total current liabilities

 

 

25,007

 

 

30,719

Operating lease liabilities - non-current

 

 

3,882

 

 

 —

Asset retirement obligations

 

 

1,898

 

 

1,890

Other long-term liabilities

 

 

73

 

 

207

Total liabilities

 

 

30,860

 

 

32,816

Commitments and contingencies (Note 13)

 

 

  

 

 

  

Shareholders’ equity:

 

 

  

 

 

  

Common stock, no par value, 50,000 shares authorized; 35,858 shares issued and 28,948 shares outstanding as of December 31, 2019; 35,803 shares issued and 28,893 shares outstanding as of September 30, 2019

 

 

740,680

 

 

739,926

Treasury stock at cost; 6,910 shares

 

 

(47,721)

 

 

(47,721)

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

 

914

 

 

950

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(617,744)

 

 

(616,409)

Total shareholders’ equity

 

 

76,129

 

 

76,746

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

 

$

106,989

 

$

109,562

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

5

Table of Contents

EMCORE CORPORATION

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity

For the three months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018

(in thousands)

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the three months

 

 

ended December 31,

 

    

2019

    

2018

Shares of Common Stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, beginning of period

 

 

28,893

 

 

27,577

Stock-based compensation

 

 

55

 

 

91

Stock option exercises

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

Balance, end of period

 

 

28,948

 

 

27,668

Value of Common Stock

 

 

  

 

 

  

Balance, beginning of period

 

$

739,926

 

$

734,066

Stock-based compensation

 

 

801

 

 

425

Stock option exercises

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

Tax withholding paid on behalf of employees for stock-based awards

 

 

(47)

 

 

(150)

Balance, end of period

 

 

740,680

 

 

734,341

Treasury stock, beginning and ending of period

 

 

(47,721)

 

 

(47,721)

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income

 

 

  

 

 

  

Balance, beginning of period

 

 

950

 

 

885

Translation adjustment

 

 

(36)

 

 

14

Balance, end of period

 

 

914

 

 

899

Accumulated Deficit

 

 

  

 

 

  

Balance, beginning of period

 

 

(616,409)

 

 

(580,425)

Net loss

 

 

(1,335)

 

 

(5,538)

Balance, end of period

 

 

(617,744)

 

 

(585,963)

Total Shareholders’ Equity

 

$

76,129

 

$

101,556

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

6

Table of Contents

EMCORE CORPORATION

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

For the three months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018

(in thousands)

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the three months ended December 31, 

 

    

2019

    

2018

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(1,335)

 

$

(5,538)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

  

 

 

  

Depreciation and amortization expense

 

 

1,981

 

 

1,594

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

801

 

 

425

Provision adjustments related to doubtful accounts

 

 

111

 

 

 —

Provision adjustments related to product warranty

 

 

49

 

 

56

Net gain on disposal of equipment

 

 

(1,602)

 

 

 —

Other

 

 

(259)

 

 

28

Total non-cash adjustments

 

 

1,081

 

 

2,103

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

  

 

 

  

Accounts receivable

 

 

(1,450)

 

 

911

Inventory

 

 

(902)

 

 

392

Other assets

 

 

(2,809)

 

 

(436)

Accounts payable

 

 

794

 

 

(2,064)

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 

 

(1,358)

 

 

1,763

Total change in operating assets and liabilities

 

 

(5,725)

 

 

566

Net cash used in operating activities

 

 

(5,979)

 

 

(2,869)

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

  

 

 

  

Purchase of equipment

 

 

(1,506)

 

 

(2,878)

Proceeds from disposal of property, plant and equipment

 

 

1,947

 

 

 —

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

 

 

441

 

 

(2,878)

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

  

 

 

  

Net payments on credit facilities

 

 

(1,038)

 

 

 —

Taxes paid related to net share settlement of equity awards

 

 

(47)

 

 

(150)

Net cash used in financing activities

 

 

(1,085)

 

 

(150)

Effect of exchange rate changes provided by foreign currency

 

 

32

 

 

(3)

Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

 

(6,591)

 

 

(5,900)

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period

 

 

21,977

 

 

63,195

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period

 

$

15,386

 

$

57,295

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION

 

 

  

 

 

  

Cash paid during the period for interest

 

$

47

 

$

25

Cash paid during the period for income taxes

 

$

 —

 

$

 2

NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES

 

 

  

 

 

  

Changes in accounts payable related to purchases of equipment

 

$

(725)

 

$

(410)

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

7

Table of Contents

EMCORE Corporation

Notes to our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

NOTE 1.            Description of Business

Business Overview

EMCORE Corporation (referred to herein, together with its subsidiaries, as the “Company,” “we,” “our,” or “EMCORE”) was established in 1984 as a New Jersey corporation. The Company became publicly traded in 1997 and is listed on the Nasdaq stock exchange under the ticker symbol EMKR. EMCORE pioneered the linear fiber optic transmission technology that enabled the world’s first delivery of Cable TV (“CATV”) directly on fiber, and today is a leading provider of advanced Mixed-Signal Optics products that enable communications systems and service providers to meet growing demand for increased bandwidth and connectivity. The Mixed-Signal Optics technology at the heart of our broadband communications products is shared with our fiber optic gyros and inertial sensors to provide the aerospace and defense markets with state-of-the-art navigation systems technology. With the acquisition of Systron Donner Inertial, Inc. (“SDI”), a navigation systems provider with a scalable, chip-based platform for higher volume gyro applications utilizing Quartz MEMS technology, in June 2019, EMCORE further expanded its portfolio of gyros and inertial sensors with SDI’s quartz MEMS gyro and accelerometer technology. EMCORE has fully vertically-integrated manufacturing capability through our indium phosphide compound semiconductor wafer fabrication facility at our headquarters in Alhambra, CA, and through our quartz processing and sensor manufacturing facility in Concord, CA. These facilities support EMCORE’s vertically-integrated manufacturing strategy for quartz and fiber optic gyro products, for navigation systems, and for our chip, laser, transmitter, and receiver products for broadband applications.  

Interim Financial Statements

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim information, and with the instructions to Form 10‑Q and Rule 10‑01 of Regulation S-X promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by U.S. GAAP for annual financial statements. In our opinion, the interim financial statements reflect all normal adjustments that are necessary to provide a fair presentation of the financial results for the interim periods presented. Operating results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for an entire fiscal year. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2019 has been derived from the audited consolidated financial statements as of such date. For a more complete understanding of our business, financial position, operating results, cash flows, risk factors and other matters, please refer to our Annual Report on Form 10‑K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2019.

NOTE 2.            Recent Accounting Pronouncements

(a)

New Accounting Updates Recently Adopted

·

In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). ASU 2016-02 introduces a lessee model that requires recognition of assets and liabilities arising from qualified leases on the consolidated balance sheets and disclosure of qualitative and quantitative information about lease transactions. The new standard was effective for our fiscal year beginning October 1, 2019. We adopted Topic 842 using the modified retrospective approach. The modified retrospective approach provides a method for recording existing leases at the beginning of the period of adoption. In addition, we elected the package of practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance within the new standard, which among other things, allowed us to carry forward the historical lease classification and we elected the hindsight practical expedient to determine the lease term for existing leases. Additionally, the Company elected an accounting policy to not record operating lease right-of-use assets and lease liabilities for leases with an initial term of twelve months or less on its condensed consolidated balance sheet. The comparative information has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods.

8

Table of Contents

Adoption of the new standard resulted in the recording of net operating lease right-of-use assets of $4.8 million and operating lease liabilities of $4.8 million, as of October 1, 2019. The standard did not have an impact on our consolidated results of operations or cash flow.

·

The impact of the adoption of ASC 842 on the balance sheet as of October 1, 2019 was: 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As Reported

 

 

 

 

 

Balance

 

 

 

September 30, 2019

 

 

Increase

 

 

October 1, 2019

(in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating lease right-of-use assets

 

$

 -

 

$

4,800

 

$

4,800

Total assets

 

 

109,562

 

 

4,800

 

 

114,362

Operating lease liabilities 

 

 

 -

 

 

800

 

 

800

Total current liabilities

 

 

30,719

 

 

800

 

 

31,519

Operating lease liabilities non-current

 

 

 -

 

 

4,000

 

 

4,000

Total liabilities

 

 

32,816

 

 

4,800

 

 

37,616

Total liabilities and equity

 

 

109,562

 

 

4,800

 

 

114,362

 

(b)

 Recent Accounting Standards or Updates Not Yet Effective

·

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016‑13 Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, which changes the way entities measure credit losses for most financial assets and certain other instruments that are not measured at fair value through net earnings. The new standard is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those annual periods. The new standard will be effective for our fiscal year beginning October 1, 2020 and early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the new guidance to determine the impact it may have on its condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

 

NOTE 3.            Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Our significant accounting policies are detailed in “Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” of our Annual Report on Form 10‑K for the year ended September 30, 2019. Significant changes to our accounting policies as a result of adopting Topic 842 are discussed below:

The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at its inception. Right-of-use (“ROU”) assets and operating lease liabilities are recognized at the lease commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. The Company uses its estimated incremental borrowing rate in determining the present value of lease payments considering the term of the lease, which is derived from information available at the lease commencement date. The lease term includes renewal options when it is reasonably certain that the option will be exercised, and excludes termination options. To the extent that the Company’s agreements have variable lease payments, the Company includes variable lease payments that depend on an index or a rate and excludes those that depend on facts or circumstances occurring after the commencement date, other than the passage of time. Lease expense for these leases is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The Company has elected not to recognize ROU assets and lease liabilities that arise from short-term (12 months or less) leases for any class of underlying asset. Operating leases are included in operating lease ROU assets, current operating lease liabilities, and non-current operating lease liabilities in the Company's condensed consolidated balance sheet.

The Company’s lease arrangements consist primarily of corporate, manufacturing and other facility agreements as well as various office equipment agreements. The leases expire at various dates through 2026, some of which include options to extend the lease term. The options with the longest potential total lease term consist of options for extension of up to three years following expiration of the original lease term.

During the three months ended December 31, 2019, the Company recorded $0.3 million of operating lease expense. During the three months ended December 31, 2018, the Company recorded $0.3 million of rent expense. The Company's finance leases and short-term leases are immaterial.

9

Table of Contents

Maturities of operating lease liabilities as of December 31, 2019 were as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

2020

 

$

951

2021

 

 

854

2022

 

 

841

2023

 

 

804

2024

 

 

658

Thereafter

 

 

1,183

 Total lease payments

 

 

5,291

Less imputed interest

 

 

(586)

 Total 

 

$

4,705

 

The following is a schedule of future minimum lease payments as of September 30, 2019:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Leases

 

 

 

(In thousands)

2020

 

$

988

2021

 

 

839

2022

 

 

824

2023

 

 

853

2024

 

 

655

Thereafter

 

 

1,350

 Total lease payments

 

$

5,509

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average remaining lease term and discount rate related to operating leases are as follows

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Weighted average remaining lease term (years)

 

6.2

 

Weighted average discount rate

 

3.8

%

 

 

 

 

 

Disaggregation of Revenue - Revenue is classified based on the product line of business. For additional information on the disaggregated revenues by geographical region, see Note 15 - Geographical Information in the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

Revenue is also classified by major product category and is presented below:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the three months ended December 31, 

 

 

 

 

 

 

% of

 

 

 

 

% of

 

(in thousands)

    

2019

    

Revenue

    

2018

    

Revenue

 

Navigation and Inertial Sensing

 

$

10,267

 

40

%  

 

2,459

 

10

%

Defense Optoelectronics

 

 

3,437

 

13

%  

 

1,681

 

 7

%

CA TV Lasers and Transmitters

 

 

9,383

 

37

%  

 

14,772

 

62

%

Chip Devices

 

 

1,555

 

 6

%  

 

4,215

 

18

%

Other

 

 

840

 

 4

%  

 

874

 

 3

%

Total revenue

 

$

25,482

 

100

%  

$

24,001

 

100

%

 

10

Table of Contents

 

NOTE 4.            Acquisition

On June 7, 2019, we completed the acquisition of Systron Donner Inertial, Inc. (“SDI”), a private-equity backed navigation systems provider with a scalable, chip-based platform for higher volume gyro applications utilizing Quartz MEMS technology. The total purchase price was approximately $25.0 million, consisting of (i) approximately $22.0 million in cash after working capital adjustments and (ii) the issuance of 811 thousand shares of common stock with an aggregate value of approximately $3.0 million as of the closing date.

Following the closing, we incorporated SDI’s products into our navigation product line and have included the financial results of SDI in our condensed consolidated financial statements beginning on the acquisition date. Net revenue and net income of SDI of $8.1 million and $0.1  million, respectively, is included in our condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss for the three months ended December 31, 2019.

Preliminary Purchase Price Allocation

The total purchase price was allocated to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values as of the acquisition date.

As the Company finalizes the fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed, additional purchase price adjustments may be recorded during the measurement period (a period not to exceed 12 months from the date of acquisition). As of December 31, 2019, the Company had not finalized the determination of values allocated to equipment, deferred taxes and goodwill. Any changes in the fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed during the measurement period may result in a material adjustment to goodwill.

Pro Forma Financial Information

The following unaudited pro forma financial information presented for the three months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 does not purport to be indicative of the results of operations that would have been achieved had the acquisition been consummated on October 1, 2018, nor of the results which may occur in the future. The pro forma amounts are based upon available information and certain assumptions that the Company believes are reasonable.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the three months ended

 

 

December 31, 

(in thousands, except per share data)

    

2019

    

2018

Revenue

 

$

25,482

 

$

32,395

Net loss

 

$

(1,335)

 

$

(6,684)

Net loss per basic and diluted share

 

$

(0.05)

 

$

(0.24)

Weighted-average number of basic and diluted shares outstanding

 

 

28,832

 

 

27,534

 

 

NOTE 5.          Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash

The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash reported within the unaudited consolidated balance sheets that sum to the total of the same amounts shown in the unaudited statements of consolidated cash flows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

As of

    

As of

    

As of

 

 

December 31, 

 

September 30, 

 

December 31, 

(in thousands)

 

2019

 

2019

 

2018

Cash

 

$

4,356

 

$

4,338

 

$

2,619

Cash equivalents

 

$

11,000

 

$

17,236

 

$

54,665

Restricted cash

 

 

30

 

 

403

 

 

11

Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

$

15,386

 

 

21,977

 

 

57,295

 

11

Table of Contents

The Company’s restricted cash includes cash balances which are legally or contractually restricted to use. The Company’s restricted cash is included in current assets as of December 31, 2019, September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018.

NOTE 6.            Fair Value Accounting

ASC Topic 820 (“ASC 820”), Fair Value Measurements, establishes a valuation hierarchy for disclosure of the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value. This standard describes a fair value hierarchy based on three levels of inputs, of which the first two are considered observable and the last unobservable, that may be used to measure fair value:

·

Level 1 inputs are unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

·

Level 2 inputs are quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets or inputs that are observable for the assets or liabilities, either directly or indirectly, through market corroboration, for substantially the full term of the financial instrument.

·

Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs based on our own assumptions used to measure assets or liabilities at fair value.

Classification of an asset or liability within this hierarchy is determined based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement.

Valuation techniques used to measure fair value under ASC 820 must maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs.

Cash consists primarily of bank deposits or highly liquid short-term investments with a maturity of three months or less at the time of purchase. Restricted cash represents temporarily restricted deposits held as compensating balances against short-term borrowing arrangements. Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash are based on Level 1 measurements.

The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable, other current assets, and accounts payable approximate fair value because of the short maturity of these instruments.  See Note 4 - Acquisition for discussion of the fair value measurement of assets acquired and liabilities assumed in the SDI acquisition.

NOTE 7.            Accounts Receivable

The components of accounts receivable consisted of the following:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As of

(in thousands)

    

December 31, 2019

    

September 30, 2019

Accounts receivable, gross

 

$

19,537

 

$

18,645

Allowance for doubtful accounts

 

 

(258)

 

 

(148)

Accounts receivable, net

 

$

19,279

 

$

18,497

 

The allowance for doubtful accounts is based on the age of receivables and a specific identification of receivables considered at risk of collection.

 

 

12

Table of Contents

NOTE 8.            Inventory

The components of inventory consisted of the following:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As of

(in thousands)

    

December 31, 2019

    

September 30, 2019

Raw materials

 

$

13,046

 

$

11,510

Work in-process

 

 

7,838

 

 

8,176

Finished goods

 

 

4,211

 

 

4,365

Inventory balance at end of period

 

$

25,095

 

$

24,051

 

 

NOTE 9.            Property, Plant, and Equipment, net

The components of property, plant, and equipment, net consisted of the following:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As of

(in thousands)

    

December 31, 2019

    

September 30, 2019

Land

 

$

3,484

 

$

3,484

Building

 

 

9,405

 

 

9,405

Equipment

 

 

33,374

 

 

42,308

Furniture and fixtures

 

 

1,109

 

 

1,109

Computer hardware and software

 

 

3,629

 

 

3,554

Leasehold improvements

 

 

2,688

 

 

2,676

Construction in progress

 

 

9,639

 

 

9,330

Property, plant, and equipment, gross

 

$

63,328

 

$

71,866

Accumulated depreciation

 

 

(29,332)

 

 

(34,643)

Property, plant, and equipment, net

 

$

33,996

 

$

37,223

 

 

During the quarter ended December 31, 2019, the Company sold certain equipment and recognized a gain on sale of approximately $1.6 million. In addition, the Company entered into agreements to sell additional equipment and these assets have been reclassified to assets held for sale. See Note 16 – Subsequent Events for additional information related to the agreement to sell the Company’s land and building.

 

 

NOTE 10.            Accrued Expenses and Other Current Liabilities

The components of accrued expenses and other current liabilities consisted of the following:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As of

(in thousands)

    

December 31, 2019

    

September 30, 2019

Compensation

 

$

4,478

 

$

5,185

Warranty

 

 

673

 

 

654

Legal expenses and other professional fees

 

 

611

 

 

4,407

Contract liabilities

 

 

524

 

 

541

Income and other taxes

 

 

1,170

 

 

1,135

Severance and restructuring accruals

 

 

78

 

 

172

Other

 

 

1,395

 

 

2,427

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 

$

8,929

 

$

14,521

 

 

 

13

Table of Contents

NOTE 11.            Credit Facilities

On November 11, 2010, we entered into a Credit and Security Agreement (as amended to date, the “Credit Facility”) with Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. The Credit Facility is secured by the Company’s assets and is subject to a borrowing base formula based on the Company’s eligible accounts receivable, inventory, and machinery and equipment accounts.

The Credit Facility matures in November 2021 and currently provides us with a revolving credit line of up to $15.0 million, subject to a borrowing base formula, that can be used for working capital requirements, letters of credit, acquisitions, and other general corporate purpose subject to a requirement, for certain specific uses, that the Company have liquidity of at least $25.0 million after such use. The Credit Facility requires us to maintain (a) liquidity of at least $7.5 million, which amount shall automatically increase to at least $10.0 million on March 1, 2020 and (b) excess availability of at least $1.0 million.

As of December 31, 2019, there was $4.5 million outstanding under this Credit Facility and the Company was in compliance with all financial covenants. Also, as of December 31, 2019, the Credit Facility had approximately $0.5 million reserved for one outstanding stand-by letter of credit and $0 available for borrowing.

NOTE 12.            Income and Other Taxes

For the three months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company recorded income tax expense of approximately $14,000 and $15,000, respectively. Income tax expense for the three months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 is primarily comprised of state minimum tax expense.

For the three months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, the effective tax rate on continuing operations was 0.0% and 0.1%, respectively. The lower tax rate for the three months ended December 31, 2019 is primarily due to the state minimum tax expense. The higher tax rate for the three months ended December 31, 2018 is primarily due to the operating loss and state minimum tax expense. Income tax expense is comprised of estimated alternative minimum tax and foreign tax expense. The Company uses some estimates to forecast permanent differences between book and tax accounting.

We have not provided for income taxes on non-U.S. subsidiaries’ undistributed earnings as of December 31, 2019 because we plan to indefinitely reinvest the unremitted earnings of our non-U.S. subsidiaries and all of our non-U.S. subsidiaries historically have negative earnings and profits.

All deferred tax assets have a full valuation allowance at December 31, 2019. On a quarterly basis, the Company evaluates the positive and negative evidence to assess whether the more likely than not criteria has been satisfied in determining whether there will be further adjustments to the valuation allowance.

During the three months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, there were no material increases or decreases in unrecognized tax benefits. As of December 31, 2019 and September 30, 2019, we had approximately $0.5 million of interest and penalties accrued as tax liabilities on our balance sheet. We believe that it is reasonably possible that none of the uncertain tax positions will be paid or settled within the next 12 months. Interest that is accrued on tax liabilities is recorded within interest expense on the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

NOTE 13.            Commitments and Contingencies

Indemnifications:  We have agreed to indemnify certain customers against claims of infringement of intellectual property rights of others in our sales contracts with these customers. Historically, we have not paid any claims under these indemnification obligations. We enter into indemnification agreements with each of our directors and executive officers pursuant to which we agree to indemnify them for certain potential expenses and liabilities arising from their status as a director or executive officer of the Company. We maintain director and officer insurance, which may cover certain liabilities arising from our obligation to indemnify our directors and executive officers in certain circumstances. It is not possible to determine the aggregate maximum potential loss under these indemnification agreements due to the limited history of prior indemnification claims and the unique facts and circumstances involved in each particular agreement.

14

Table of Contents

Legal Proceedings: We are subject to various legal proceedings, claims, and litigation, either asserted or unasserted, that arise in the ordinary course of business. The outcome of these matters is currently not determinable and we are unable to estimate a range of loss, should a loss occur, from these proceedings. The ultimate outcome of legal proceedings involves judgments, estimates and inherent uncertainties and the results of these matters cannot be predicted with certainty. Professional legal fees are expensed when incurred. We accrue for contingent losses when such losses are probable and reasonably estimable. In the event that estimates or assumptions prove to differ from actual results, adjustments are made in subsequent periods to reflect more current information. Should we fail to prevail in any legal matter or should several legal matters be resolved against the Company in the same reporting period, then the financial results of that particular reporting period could be materially affected.

a)

Intellectual Property Lawsuits

We protect our proprietary technology by applying for patents where appropriate and, in other cases, by preserving the technology, related know-how and information as trade secrets. The success and competitive position of our product lines are impacted by our ability to obtain intellectual property protection for our research and development efforts. We have, from time to time, exchanged correspondence with third parties regarding the assertion of patent or other intellectual property rights in connection with certain of our products and processes.

b)

Phoenix Navigation Components, LLC (“Phoenix”) Legal Proceedings

On June 12, 2018, Phoenix commenced an arbitration against EMCORE with the American Arbitration Association (“AAA”) in New York. On August 31, 2018, Phoenix filed a First Amended Demand for Arbitration, asserting the following claims: breach of contract, breach of the covenant of good faith and fair dealing, misappropriation of trade secrets (under the Defend Trade Secrets Act, 18 U.S.C. § 1836, and New York law), conversion, unjust enrichment, correction of inventorship relating to U.S. Patent No. 8,773,665, and declaratory relief, relating to EMCORE’s termination of certain agreements entered into between EMCORE and Phoenix related to the purported license of certain intellectual property related to fiber optic gyroscope technology and disputed royalty payments related thereto. On September 14, 2018, EMCORE filed an Answering Statement and Counterclaim, denying all of Phoenix’s claims and asserting counterclaims for breach of the implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing and declaratory relief.

On June 21, 2019, an interim award (the “Interim Award”) was issued in connection with all claims in the AAA proceeding other than the claims related to correction of inventorship and declaratory relief relating to U.S. Patent No. 8,773,665 (the “Patent Claims”). While Phoenix ultimately sought $21.2 million in total damages, plus attorneys’ fees and costs, in the Interim Award, the arbitrator found in the Interim Award that (i) Phoenix's claim for breach of the covenant of good faith and fair dealing was denied; (ii) Phoenix's claim for breach of the agreements entered with EMCORE for failure to provide funding for non-recurring engineering was denied; (iii) Phoenix's claim for unjust enrichment was denied; (iv) Phoenix's claim for conversion was granted, but damages for that claim duplicate the damages on the breach of contract and misappropriation of trade secret claims described below and no incremental damages were awarded based on the granting of this claim; (v) EMCORE's request for a declaration that, as between EMCORE and Phoenix, EMCORE owns its proprietary IOC and transceiver was granted.

The arbitrator also found in the Interim Award that (i) EMCORE breached certain license agreements entered into with Phoenix by failing to make royalty payments due and failing to provide required accountings, (ii) Phoenix and its members are no longer subject to prior exclusivity restrictions; (iii) EMCORE's claim for breach of the covenant of good faith and fair dealing was denied; and (iv) the proceedings for the Patent Claims and EMCORE's counterclaim with respect thereto would be established by a future proceeding.

Further, out of the original 97 trade secret subpart claims by Phoenix, the arbitrator found in the Interim Award that EMCORE had misappropriated a total of five trade secret subparts (the “Deemed Trade Secrets”), and found that at least one Deemed Trade Secret was being used in seven EMCORE products (the “EMCORE Products”). The arbitrator found that as a result of the foregoing, royalties of 7.5% of the sale price are owed, to the extent not previously paid, on (i) sales through July 16, 2018 on all fiber optic gyroscopes sold by EMCORE, and (ii) sales from July 16, 2018 through May 31, 2019 of the EMCORE Products whether standalone or incorporated into a larger product, in each case together with interest at the New York statutory rate of 9% simple interest. In addition, the arbitrator found in the Interim Award

15

Table of Contents

that Phoenix was the prevailing party, and Phoenix was awarded attorneys' fees and costs in the amount of approximately $3.7 million, which amount was reduced 10% from Phoenix’s attorneys’ fees request.

In the Interim Award, the arbitrator further determined that EMCORE shall pay Phoenix a royalty of 7.5% of the sale price on (i) future customer payments for certain EMCORE product contracts previously entered into and (ii) customer payments for future sales of any product using any Deemed Trade Secret, in each case payable in a single lump sum within one month of completion of the calendar quarter in which payment has been received from the customer, and shall concurrently submit to Phoenix a written report that sets forth the calculation of the amount of the royalty payment in a form similar to previous royalty reports, provided that following the first $1 million of royalty payments on the EMP-1 product only, inclusive of payments made to date, EMCORE will pay to Phoenix a royalty of 2.25% of the sale price (net of any warranty work, returns, rebates, discounts or credits). EMCORE is required to continue to make royalty payments in this manner until such time as it has in good faith determined, and can so document, that it has completely ceased use of the Deemed Trade Secrets, and at such time, EMCORE shall provide Phoenix written notice of same by certified letter, return receipt requested.

On October 1, 2019, the arbitrator issued a Modified Partial Final Award, which incorporated by reference the terms of the Interim Award and ordered and awarded, among other items, (i) an award to Phoenix of attorneys’ fees and costs in the amount of approximately $3.8 million, (ii) an award to Phoenix of $1.0 million in damages owing for unpaid royalties through June 30, 2019, of which $0.6 million remained to be paid as of the issuance of the Modified Partial Final Award; (iii) an award to Phoenix of $0.1 million in pre-judgment interest, calculated at the New York statutory rate of 9% simple interest, and (iv) an order that EMCORE make the payments in the foregoing items (i), (ii) and (iii) on or before October 14, 2019. On October 10, 2019, EMCORE made the foregoing payments to Phoenix in an aggregate amount equal to approximately $4.5 million. This amount was accrued as of September 30, 2019.

The Patent Claims were not determined in the Interim Award or the Modified Partial Final Award.  In December 2019, EMCORE and Phoenix entered into a settlement agreement with respect to the Patent Claims pursuant to which EMCORE (i) granted Phoenix a fully paid, perpetual nonexclusive license to the disputed patent and (ii) agreed to pay Phoenix a total of $0.4 million, of which $0.2 million was paid in January 2020 and an additional $0.1 million of such amount is required to be paid in each of April 2020 and July 2020.

On June 21, 2018, Phoenix commenced a special proceeding against EMCORE in the New York Supreme Court, Commercial Division (the “Special Proceeding”). As part of the Special Proceeding, Phoenix filed an application for a preliminary injunction in aid of arbitration pursuant to CLPR 7502(c), in connection with the AAA arbitration proceeding in New York. The application resulted in a so-ordered stipulated injunction between EMCORE and Phoenix, which was entered in August 2018. In January 2020, the court granted a motion to confirm the Modified Partial Final Award, vacated the so-ordered stipulated injunction entered in August 2018, and disposed of the Special Proceeding.   

NOTE 14.            Equity

Equity Plans

We provide long-term incentives to eligible officers, directors, and employees in the form of equity-based awards. We maintain four equity incentive compensation plans, collectively described below as our “Equity Plans”:

·

the 2000 Stock Option Plan,

·

the 2010 Equity Incentive Plan (“2010 Plan”),

·

the 2012 Equity Incentive Plan (“2012 Plan”), and

·

the 2019 Equity Incentive Plan (“2019 Plan”).

We issue new shares of common stock to satisfy awards issued under our Equity Plans.

16

Table of Contents

Stock-based compensation

The effect of recording stock-based compensation expense was as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the three months

Stock-based Compensation Expense - by award type

 

ended December 31, 

(in thousands)

    

2019

    

2018

Employee stock options

 

$

 5

 

$

 7

Restricted stock units and awards

 

 

376

 

 

386

Performance stock units and awards

 

 

292

 

 

(60)

Employee stock purchase plan

 

 

47

 

 

40

Outside director equity awards and fees in common stock

 

 

81

 

 

52

Total stock-based compensation expense

 

$

801

 

$

425

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the three months

Stock-based Compensation Expense - by expense type

 

ended December 31, 

(in thousands)

    

2019

    

2018

Cost of revenue

 

$

136

 

$

111

Selling, general, and administrative

 

 

485

 

 

159

Research and development

 

 

180

 

 

155

Total stock-based compensation expense

 

$

801

 

$

425

 

401(k) Plan

We have a savings plan that qualifies as a deferred salary arrangement under Section 401(k) of the Internal Revenue Code. Under this savings plan, participating employees may defer a portion of their pretax earnings, up to the Internal Revenue Service annual contribution limit. Since June 2015, all employer contributions are made in cash.  Our matching contribution in cash for the three months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 was approximately $0.2 million and $0.1 million, respectively.

Loss Per Share

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted net loss per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the three months

Basic and Diluted Net Loss Per Share

 

ended December 31, 

(in thousands, except per share)

    

2019

    

2018

Numerator:

 

 

  

 

 

  

Loss from continuing operations

 

$

(1,335)

 

$

(5,538)

Undistributed earnings allocated to common shareholders for basic and diluted net income per share

 

 

(1,335)

 

 

(5,538)

Denominator:

 

 

  

 

 

  

Denominator for basic and fully diluted net loss per share - weighted average shares outstanding

 

 

28,832

 

 

27,534

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss per basic and fully diluted share

 

$

(0.05)

 

$

(0.20)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average antidilutive options, unvested restricted stock units and awards, unvested performance stock units and ESPP shares excluded from the computation

 

 

1,168

 

 

664

 

For diluted loss per share, the denominator includes all outstanding common shares. The anti-dilutive stock options and unvested stock were excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share for the three months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 due to the Company incurring a net loss for the periods.

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

We maintain an Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”) that provides employees an opportunity to purchase common stock through payroll deductions. The ESPP is a 6‑month duration plan with new participation periods beginning on

17

Table of Contents

approximately February 25 and August 26 of each year. The purchase price is set at 85% of the average high and low market price of our common stock on either the first or last trading day of the participation period, whichever is lower, and annual contributions are limited to the lower of 10% of an employee’s compensation or $25,000.

Future Issuances

As of December 31, 2019, we had common stock reserved for the following future issuances:

 

 

 

 

    

Number of Common

 

 

Stock Shares Available for

Future Issuances

 

Future Issuances

Exercise of outstanding stock options

 

48,684

Unvested restricted stock units and awards

 

1,754,697

Unvested performance stock units and awards (at 200% maximum payout)

 

1,812,000

Purchases under the employee stock purchase plan

 

543,731

Issuance of stock-based awards under the Equity Plans

 

1,126,981

Purchases under the officer and director share purchase plan

 

88,741

Total reserved

 

5,374,834

 

 

NOTE 15.            Segment Data and Related Information

The reportable segments reported below are the Company’s segments for which separate financial information is available and upon which operating results are evaluated by the chief operating decision maker to assess performance and to allocate resources. As a result of organizational changes effective in the beginning of fiscal year 2020, the Company has reassessed its reportable segments and determined that it has two reportable segments, (i) Aerospace and Defense and (ii) Broadband. All prior-period amounts have been adjusted retrospectively to reflect our reportable segment changes.

The Company’s Chief Executive Officer is the chief operating decision maker and he assesses the performance of the operating segment and allocates resources based on segment profits.  We do not allocate sales and marketing, or general and administrative expenses to our segments because management does not include the information in its measurement of the performance of the operating segments.  Also, interest expense and interest income are not presented by segment because management does not include this information in its measurement of the performance of the operating segments.

18

Table of Contents

The Aerospace and Defense segment is comprised of two product lines: (i) Navigation and Inertial Sensing, and (ii) Defense Optoelectronics. The Broadband segment is comprised of three product lines: (i) CATV, (ii) Chip Devices, and (iii) Other. Information on reportable segments utilized by our chief operating decision maker is as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the three months

(in thousands)

 

 

ended December 31, 

 

 

 

2019

 

    

2018

Revenue:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aerospace and Defense

 

$

13,704

 

$

4,140

Broadband

 

 

11,778

 

 

19,861

    Total revenue

 

$

25,482

 

$

24,001

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Segment Profit:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aerospace and Defense gross profit

 

$

4,488

 

$

1,222

Aerospace & Defense R&D expense

 

 

3,951

 

 

1,551

Aerospace and Defense segment profit/(loss)

 

$

537

 

$

(329)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Broadband gross profit

 

$

2,986

 

$

4,586

Broadband R&D expense

 

 

691

 

 

2,468

Broadband segment profit/(loss)

 

$

2,295

 

$

2,118

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total consolidated segment profit

 

$

2,832

 

$

1,789

Unallocated (income) expense:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Selling, general and administrative

 

 

5,887

 

 

7,593

 Gain on sale of assets

 

 

(1,602)

 

 

 -

 Interest expense (income), net

 

 

15

 

 

(267)

 Foreign exchange gain

 

 

(147)

 

 

(14)

Total unallocated expense

 

 

4,153

 

 

7,312

Loss before income tax expense

 

$

(1,321)

 

$

(5,523)

 

Revenue:  The following table sets forth revenue by geographic region with revenue assigned to geographic regions based on our customers’ billing address.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the three months

Revenue by Geographic Region

 

ended December 31, 

(in thousands)

    

2019

    

2018

United States and Canada

 

$

20,195

 

$

18,576

Asia

 

 

2,266

 

 

4,045

Europe

 

 

1,889

 

 

1,266

Other

 

 

1,132

 

 

114

Total revenue

 

$

25,482

 

$

24,001

 

Significant Customers: Significant customers are defined as customers representing greater than 10% of our consolidated revenue. Revenue from three of our significant customers represented an aggregate of 50% and 74% of our consolidated revenue for the three months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

Long-lived Assets: Long-lived assets consist of land, building and property, plant, and equipment. As of December 31, 2019 and September 30, 2019, approximately 90% and 85%, respectively, of our long-lived assets were located in the United States. The remaining long-lived assets are primarily located in China.

 

19

Table of Contents

NOTE 16.Subsequent Events

SDI entered into a Standard Offer, Agreement and Escrow Instructions for Purchase of Real Estate (Non-Residential) (the “Purchase Agreement”) dated as of December 31, 2019 with Parkview Management Group, Inc. (“Buyer”), pursuant to which the parties agreed to consummate a sale and leaseback transaction (the “Sale and Leaseback Transaction”). Under the terms of the Purchase Agreement, SDI agreed to sell its property located in Concord, California (the “Real Property”) to Buyer, for a total purchase price of $13.4 million. On January 13, 2020, SDI and Buyer entered into First Amendment to Standard Offer, Agreement and Escrow Instructions for Purchase of Real Estate (Non-Residential) which provided for various amendments to the Purchase Agreement, including a reduction of the total purchase price to $13.2 million. The net proceeds to be received by SDI will be reduced by transaction commissions and expenses incurred in connection with the sale.

At the consummation of the Sale and Leaseback Transaction, SDI will enter into a Single-Tenant Triple Net Lease (the “Lease Agreement”) with Buyer pursuant to which SDI will lease back from Buyer the Real Property for a term commencing on the consummation of the Sale and Leaseback Transaction and ending fifteen (15) years after the consummation of the Sale and Leaseback Transaction, unless earlier terminated or extended in accordance with the terms of the Lease Agreement. Under the Lease Agreement, SDI’s financial obligations will include base monthly rent of $0.75 per square feet, or approximately $77,500 per month, which rent will increase on an annual basis at three percent (3%) over the life of the lease. SDI will also be responsible for all monthly expenses related to the leased facilities, including insurance premiums, taxes and other expenses, such as utilities. In connection with the execution of the Lease Agreement, EMCORE will execute a Lease Guaranty (the “Guaranty”) with Buyer under which EMCORE will guarantee the payment when due of the monthly rent, and all other additional rent, interest and charges to be paid by SDI under the Lease Agreement, and the performance by SDI of all of the material terms, conditions, covenants and agreements of the Lease Agreement.

EMCORE anticipates that the close of the Sale and Leaseback Transaction will occur in the second fiscal quarter of 2020, subject to satisfaction of certain customary closing conditions for transactions of this type.

 

20

Table of Contents

ITEM 2.            Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

You should read the following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations in conjunction with the financial statements and the notes thereto included in Financial Statements under Item 1 within this Quarterly Report. The following discussion contains forward-looking statements that reflect our plans, estimates, and beliefs. Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements. See Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.

Business Overview

EMCORE Corporation (referred to herein, together with its subsidiaries, as the “Company,” “we,” “our,” or “EMCORE”) was established in 1984 as a New Jersey corporation. The Company became publicly traded in 1997 and is listed on the Nasdaq Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol EMKR. EMCORE is a leading provider of sensors for navigation in the Aerospace and Defense market as well as a manufacturer of lasers and optical subsystems for use in the Cable TV (“CATV”) industry.

EMCORE pioneered the linear fiber optic transmission technology that enabled the world’s first delivery of CATV directly on fiber, and today is a leading provider of advanced Mixed-Signal Optics products serving the broadband communications and Aerospace and Defense markets. The Mixed-Signal Optics technology at the heart of our broadband communications products is shared with our fiber optic gyros and inertial sensors to provide the aerospace and defense markets with state-of-the-art navigations systems technology. With the acquisition of Systron Donner Inertial, Inc. (“SDI”), a navigation systems provider with a scalable, chip-based platform for higher volume gyro applications utilizing Quartz MEMS technology, in June 2019, EMCORE further expanded its portfolio of gyros and inertial sensors with SDI’s quartz MEMS gyro and accelerometer technology.

EMCORE has fully vertically-integrated manufacturing capability through our indium phosphide compound semiconductor wafer fabrication facility at our headquarters in Alhambra, CA, and through our quartz processing and sensor manufacturing facility in Concord, CA. These facilities support EMCORE’s vertically-integrated manufacturing strategy for quartz and fiber optic gyro products, for navigation systems, and for our chip, laser, transmitter, and receiver products for broadband applications.

We have two reporting segments, Aerospace and Defense, and Broadband. Aerospace and Defense is comprised of two product lines: (i) Navigation and Inertial Sensing, and (ii) Defense Optoelectronics. The Broadband segment is comprised of three product lines: (i) CATV Lasers and Transmitters, (ii) Chip Devices, and (iii) Other. Due to a shift in customer base, the previously existing Satellite/Microwave Communications product line has been renamed “Defense Optoelectronics”.

Recent Developments

SDI Acquisition

On June 7, 2019, we completed the acquisition of SDI, a private-equity backed navigation systems provider with a scalable, chip-based platform for higher volume gyro applications utilizing Quartz MEMS technology. See Note 4 - Acquisition in the notes to our condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information regarding this acquisition. Following the closing, we began integrating SDI into our current navigation product line and have included the financial results of SDI in our consolidated financial statements beginning on the acquisition date.

Hytera Transactions

21

Table of Contents

As part of the effort to streamline operations and move to a variable cost model in our CATV Lasers and Transmitters product lines, on October 25, 2019, we entered into an Asset Purchase Agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”) with Hytera Communications (Hong Kong) Company Limited, a limited liability company incorporated in Hong Kong (“Hytera HK”), and Shenzhen Hytera Communications Co., Ltd., a corporation formed under the laws of the P.R.C. (“Shenzhen Hytera”, and together with Hytera HK, the “Buyers”), pursuant to which the Buyers agreed to purchase from EMCORE certain CATV module and transmitter manufacturing equipment (the “Equipment”) owned by EMCORE and currently located at the manufacturing facility of EMCORE’s wholly-owned subsidiary, EMCORE Optoelectronics (Beijing) Co, Ltd., a corporation formed under the laws of the P.R.C., for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $5.54 million.

 

The Equipment will be transferred to the Buyers in three separate closings, one of which occurred in the quarter ended December 31, 2019 and the other two of which are expected to occur during the quarter ending March 31, 2020, with payment for each portion of the equipment to be made following each such transfer in an amount equal to (i) 80% of the applicable sale price within three months following the closing of the applicable sale and transfer and (ii) 20% of the applicable sale price within six months following the closing of the applicable sale and transfer. In October 2019, we received the first such payment in an amount equal to approximately $1.9 million.

Concurrently with entry into the Purchase Agreement, we entered into a Contract Manufacturing Agreement (the “Manufacturing Agreement”), dated as of October 25, 2019, with the Buyers pursuant to which the Buyers agreed to manufacture certain CATV module and transmitter products for EMCORE from a manufacturing facility located in Thailand for an initial five year term at product prices agreed to between the parties. In the Manufacturing Agreement, we agreed to pay certain shortfall penalties in the event that orders for manufactured products are below certain thresholds.  

Other Actions Related to CATV Business

In the quarter ended September 30, 2019, we also reduced the size of our CATV-related employee headcount and reduced the capacity of our wafer fab to one shift. These actions incurred one-time costs of $0.4 million in the quarter ended September 30, 2019 and are expected to result in annual cash savings of approximately $3.0 million beginning in the quarter ended December 31, 2019. These operational changes in CATV also fulfill a strategic objective of better positioning the CATV product lines to generate positive cash flow to help fund the other growth areas of EMCORE in Aerospace and Defense.

Sale/Leaseback Transaction

SDI entered into a Standard Offer, Agreement and Escrow Instructions for Purchase of Real Estate (Non-Residential) (the “Purchase Agreement”) dated as of December 31, 2019 with Parkview Management Group, Inc. (“Buyer”), pursuant to which the parties agreed to consummate a sale and leaseback transaction (the “Sale and Leaseback Transaction”). Under the terms of the Purchase Agreement, SDI agreed to sell the property located in Concord, California (the “Real Property”) to Buyer for a total purchase price of $13.4 million. The net proceeds to be received by SDI will be reduced by transaction commissions and expenses incurred in connection with the sale.

At the consummation of the Sale and Leaseback Transaction, SDI will enter into a Single-Tenant Triple Net Lease (the “Lease Agreement”) with Buyer pursuant to which SDI will lease back from Buyer the Real Property for a term commencing on the consummation of the Sale and Leaseback Transaction and ending fifteen (15) years after the consummation of the Sale and Leaseback Transaction, unless earlier terminated or extended in accordance with the terms of the Lease Agreement. Under the Lease Agreement, SDI’s financial obligations will include base monthly rent of $0.75 per square feet, or approximately $77,500 per month, which rent will increase on an annual basis at three percent (3%) over the life of the lease. SDI will also be responsible for all monthly expenses related to the leased facilities, including insurance premiums, taxes and other expenses, such as utilities. In connection with the execution of the Lease Agreement, EMCORE will execute a Lease Guaranty (the “Guaranty”) with Buyer under which EMCORE will guarantee the payment when due of the monthly rent, and all other additional rent, interest and charges to be paid by SDI under the Lease Agreement, and the performance by SDI of all of the material terms, conditions, covenants and agreements of the Lease Agreement.

22

Table of Contents

EMCORE anticipates that the close of the Sale and Leaseback Transaction will occur in the second fiscal quarter of 2020, subject to satisfaction of certain customary closing conditions for transactions of this type.

Results of Operations

The following table sets forth our consolidated statements of operations data expressed as a percentage of revenue:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the three months

 

 

 

ended December 31, 

 

 

    

2019

    

2018

 

Revenue

 

100.0

%  

100.0

%

Cost of revenue

 

70.7

 

75.8

 

Gross profit

 

29.3

 

24.2

 

Operating expense:

 

  

 

  

 

Selling, general, and administrative

 

23.1

 

31.6

 

Research and development

 

18.2

 

16.8

 

Gain on sale of assets

 

(6.3)

 

 —

 

Total operating expense

 

35.0

 

48.4