emkr-20221231
0000808326Q120239/30false00008083262022-10-012022-12-3100008083262023-02-06xbrli:shares00008083262022-12-31iso4217:USD00008083262022-09-30iso4217:USDxbrli:shares00008083262021-10-012021-12-310000808326us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-09-300000808326us-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-09-300000808326us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326us-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-10-012021-12-310000808326us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-12-310000808326us-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-12-310000808326us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2022-09-300000808326us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2022-12-310000808326us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2021-12-310000808326us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2021-09-300000808326us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2022-09-300000808326us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-09-300000808326us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-10-012021-12-310000808326us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2022-12-310000808326us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-12-310000808326us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-09-300000808326us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-09-300000808326us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-10-012021-12-310000808326us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-12-310000808326us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-12-3100008083262021-12-3100008083262021-09-300000808326emkr:L3HarrisTechnologiesIncMember2022-04-292022-04-290000808326emkr:KVHIndustriesIncMember2022-08-092022-08-090000808326emkr:L3HarrisTechnologiesIncMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326emkr:SAndNAndEmcoreChicagoAcquisitionsMember2022-12-310000808326emkr:EMCOREChicagoMember2022-12-31xbrli:pure0000808326emkr:L3HarrisTechnologiesIncMember2022-04-290000808326emkr:KVHIndustriesIncMember2022-12-310000808326emkr:KVHIndustriesIncMemberus-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2022-12-310000808326emkr:KVHIndustriesIncMemberus-gaap:TechnologyBasedIntangibleAssetsMember2022-12-310000808326emkr:KVHIndustriesIncMemberus-gaap:InProcessResearchAndDevelopmentMember2022-12-310000808326emkr:KVHIndustriesIncMemberus-gaap:TrademarksMember2022-12-310000808326emkr:EMCOREExcludingEMCOREChicagoMembersrt:ProFormaMember2021-10-012021-12-310000808326emkr:EMCOREChicagoMembersrt:ProFormaMember2021-10-012021-12-310000808326emkr:ProFormaAdjustmentsMembersrt:ProFormaMember2021-10-012021-12-310000808326srt:ProFormaMember2021-10-012021-12-310000808326us-gaap:LandMember2022-12-310000808326us-gaap:LandMember2022-09-300000808326us-gaap:BuildingMember2022-12-310000808326us-gaap:BuildingMember2022-09-300000808326us-gaap:EquipmentMember2022-12-310000808326us-gaap:EquipmentMember2022-09-300000808326us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember2022-12-310000808326us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember2022-09-300000808326us-gaap:ComputerEquipmentMember2022-12-310000808326us-gaap:ComputerEquipmentMember2022-09-300000808326us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember2022-12-310000808326us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember2022-09-300000808326us-gaap:ConstructionInProgressMember2022-12-310000808326us-gaap:ConstructionInProgressMember2022-09-300000808326us-gaap:DisposalGroupHeldforsaleNotDiscontinuedOperationsMember2022-12-3100008083262021-10-012022-09-300000808326country:USus-gaap:PropertyPlantAndEquipmentMemberus-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326country:USus-gaap:PropertyPlantAndEquipmentMemberus-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMember2021-10-012022-09-300000808326us-gaap:PatentsMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326us-gaap:TechnologyBasedIntangibleAssetsMembersrt:MinimumMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326us-gaap:TechnologyBasedIntangibleAssetsMembersrt:MaximumMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326us-gaap:TechnologyBasedIntangibleAssetsMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326us-gaap:TechnologyBasedIntangibleAssetsMember2022-12-310000808326us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2022-12-310000808326us-gaap:InProcessResearchAndDevelopmentMember2022-12-310000808326us-gaap:TrademarksMember2022-12-310000808326us-gaap:TrademarksMember2022-09-300000808326us-gaap:TechnologyBasedIntangibleAssetsMember2021-10-012022-09-300000808326us-gaap:TechnologyBasedIntangibleAssetsMember2022-09-300000808326us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2021-10-012022-09-300000808326us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2022-09-300000808326us-gaap:InProcessResearchAndDevelopmentMember2022-09-300000808326us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2022-08-09emkr:creditFacility0000808326us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberemkr:NewABLCreditAgreementMember2022-08-090000808326emkr:NewABLCreditAgreementMemberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2022-08-090000808326us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberemkr:NewABLCreditAgreementMemberus-gaap:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateSofrOvernightIndexSwapRateMember2022-08-092022-08-090000808326emkr:NewABLCreditAgreementMemberus-gaap:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateSofrOvernightIndexSwapRateMemberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2022-08-092022-08-090000808326us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberemkr:NewABLCreditAgreementMember2022-08-092022-08-090000808326emkr:NewABLCreditAgreementMemberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2022-08-092022-08-090000808326emkr:NewABLCreditAgreementMember2022-08-092022-08-090000808326us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberemkr:NewABLCreditAgreementMember2022-12-310000808326us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberemkr:NewABLCreditAgreementMember2022-09-300000808326emkr:ConcordPropertyMemberemkr:ResilienceLitigationMember2020-02-100000808326emkr:ResilienceLitigationMemberemkr:ResilienceCapitalMember2021-04-012021-04-30emkr:plan0000808326emkr:A2019EquityIncentivePlanMember2022-12-012022-12-310000808326us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2021-10-012021-12-310000808326emkr:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUsAndRestrictedStockMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326emkr:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUsAndRestrictedStockMember2021-10-012021-12-310000808326us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2021-10-012021-12-310000808326emkr:OutsideDirectorFeesInCommonStockMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326emkr:OutsideDirectorFeesInCommonStockMember2021-10-012021-12-310000808326us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember2021-10-012021-12-310000808326us-gaap:SellingGeneralAndAdministrativeExpensesMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326us-gaap:SellingGeneralAndAdministrativeExpensesMember2021-10-012021-12-310000808326us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember2021-10-012021-12-310000808326emkr:PerformanceShareUnitsRestrictedStockUnitsAndRestrictedStockMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326emkr:PerformanceShareUnitsRestrictedStockUnitsAndRestrictedStockMember2021-10-012021-12-310000808326emkr:StockOptionsMember2022-12-310000808326emkr:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUsAndRestrictedStockMember2022-12-310000808326us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2022-12-310000808326emkr:StockBasedAwardsUnderEquityPlansMember2022-12-310000808326emkr:SharePurchasePlanMember2022-12-310000808326emkr:AerospaceAndDefenseMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326emkr:AerospaceAndDefenseMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2021-10-012021-12-310000808326emkr:BroadbandMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326emkr:BroadbandMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2021-10-012021-12-310000808326us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2021-10-012021-12-310000808326emkr:AerospaceAndDefenseMemberemkr:InertialNavigationMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326emkr:AerospaceAndDefenseMemberemkr:InertialNavigationMember2021-10-012021-12-310000808326emkr:AerospaceAndDefenseMemberemkr:DefenseOptoelectronicsMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326emkr:AerospaceAndDefenseMemberemkr:DefenseOptoelectronicsMember2021-10-012021-12-310000808326emkr:BroadbandMemberemkr:CableTvOpticalTransmittersAndComponentsMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326emkr:BroadbandMemberemkr:CableTvOpticalTransmittersAndComponentsMember2021-10-012021-12-310000808326emkr:DataCenterChipsMemberemkr:BroadbandMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326emkr:DataCenterChipsMemberemkr:BroadbandMember2021-10-012021-12-310000808326emkr:BroadbandMemberemkr:OpticalSensingMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326emkr:BroadbandMemberemkr:OpticalSensingMember2021-10-012021-12-310000808326us-gaap:TradingRevenueMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326us-gaap:TradingRevenueMember2021-10-012021-12-310000808326emkr:ContractRevenueMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326emkr:ContractRevenueMember2021-10-012021-12-310000808326emkr:UNITEDSTATESANDCANADAMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326emkr:UNITEDSTATESANDCANADAMember2021-10-012021-12-310000808326exch:XPST2022-10-012022-12-310000808326exch:XPST2021-10-012021-12-310000808326srt:EuropeMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326srt:EuropeMember2021-10-012021-12-310000808326emkr:OtherGeographicRegionMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326emkr:OtherGeographicRegionMember2021-10-012021-12-310000808326emkr:TwoSignificantCustomersMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:SalesRevenueSegmentMember2022-10-012022-12-310000808326emkr:TwoSignificantCustomersMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:SalesRevenueSegmentMember2021-10-012021-12-31
Table of Contents

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended December 31, 2022
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ___ to ___

Commission File Number: 001-36632
https://cdn.kscope.io/26b2bdc6c5f529f4e1636df936c88dbc-emkr-20221231_g1.jpg
EMCORE Corporation
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
New Jersey22-2746503
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

2015 W. Chestnut Street, Alhambra, California, 91803
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (626) 293-3400

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading SymbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, no par valueEMKRThe Nasdaq Stock Market LLC (Nasdaq Global Market)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No

As of February 6, 2023, the number of shares outstanding of no par value common stock totaled 38,069,548.




Table of Contents

EMCORE CORPORATION
FORM 10-Q QUARTERLY REPORT
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

3

Table of Contents

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q includes forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). These forward-looking statements are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and projections about future events and financial trends affecting the financial condition of our business. Such forward-looking statements include, in particular, projections about future results included in our Exchange Act reports and statements about plans, strategies, business prospects, changes and trends in our business and the markets in which we operate. These forward-looking statements may be identified by the use of terms and phrases such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “can,” “could,” “estimates,” “expects,” “forecasts,” “intends,” “may,” “plans,” “projects,” “should,” “targets,” “will,” “would,” and similar expressions or variations of these terms and similar phrases. Additionally, statements concerning future matters such as our expected liquidity, development of new products, enhancements, or technologies, sales levels, expense levels, expectations regarding the outcome of legal proceedings, and other statements regarding matters that are not historical are forward-looking statements. Management cautions that these forward-looking statements relate to future events or future financial performance and are subject to business, economic, and other risks and uncertainties, both known and unknown, that may cause actual results, levels of activity, performance, or achievements of our business or the industries in which we operate to be materially different from those expressed or implied by any forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences in results and outcomes include without limitation the following:

uncertainties regarding the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and the impact of measures intended to reduce its spread on our business and operations, which is evolving and beyond our control;
the effect of component shortages and any alternatives thereto;
the rapidly evolving markets for our products and uncertainty regarding the development of these markets;
our historical dependence on sales to a limited number of customers and fluctuations in the mix of products and customers in any period;
delays and other difficulties in commercializing new products;
the failure of new products: (a) to perform as expected without material defects, (b) to be manufactured at acceptable volumes, yields, and cost, (c) to be qualified and accepted by our customers, and (d) to successfully compete with products offered by our competitors;
uncertainties concerning the availability and cost of commodity materials and specialized product components that we do not make internally;
actions by competitors;
risks and uncertainties related to applicable laws and regulations, including the impact of changes to applicable tax laws and tariff regulations;
acquisition-related risks, including that (a) revenue and net operating results obtained from the Systron Donner Inertial, Inc. (“SDI”) business, the L3Harris Space and Navigation (“S&N”) business, or the Inertial Navigation Systems business (“EMCORE Chicago”) of KVH Industries, Inc. (“KVH”) may not meet our expectations, (b) the costs and cash expenditures for integration of the S&N business operations or EMCORE Chicago may be higher than expected, (c) there could be losses and liabilities arising from the acquisition of SDI, S&N, or EMCORE Chicago that we will not be able to recover from any source, (d) we may not recognize the anticipated synergies from the acquisition of SDI, S&N, or EMCORE Chicago, and (e) we may not realize sufficient scale in our Navigation and Inertial Sensing product line from the SDI acquisition, the S&N acquisition, and the EMCORE Chicago acquisition and will need to take additional steps, including making additional acquisitions, to achieve our growth objectives for this product line;
risks related to our ability to obtain capital;
risks and uncertainties related to manufacturing and production capacity and expansion plans related thereto; and
other risks and uncertainties discussed in Part I, Item 1A. “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2022, as such risk factors may be amended, supplemented, or superseded from time to time by our subsequent periodic reports we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).

These cautionary statements apply to all forward-looking statements wherever they appear in this Quarterly Report. Forward-looking statements are based on certain assumptions and analysis made in light of experience and perception of historical trends, current conditions, and expected future developments as well as other factors that we believe are appropriate under the circumstances. While these statements represent judgment on what the future may hold, and we believe these judgments are reasonable, these statements are not guarantees of any events or financial results. All forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report are made as of the date hereof, based on information available to us as of the date hereof, and subsequent facts or circumstances may contradict, obviate, undermine, or otherwise fail to support or substantiate such statements. We caution you not to rely on these statements without also considering the risks and uncertainties associated with these statements and our business that are addressed in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year
4

Table of Contents

ended September 30, 2022. Certain information included in this Quarterly Report may supersede or supplement forward-looking statements in our other reports filed with the SEC. We do not intend to update any forward-looking statement to conform such statements to actual results or to changes in our expectations, except as required by applicable law or regulation.
5

Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited)

EMCORE CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands)December 31, 2022September 30, 2022
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$23,692 $25,625 
Restricted cash495 520 
Accounts receivable, net of credit loss of $361 and $337, respectively
17,116 18,073 
Contract assets5,570 4,560 
Inventory39,598 37,035 
Prepaid expenses3,374 4,061 
Other current assets2,148 3,063 
Total current assets91,993 92,937 
Property, plant, and equipment, net27,660 37,867 
Goodwill16,519 17,894 
Operating lease right-of-use assets27,937 23,243 
Other intangible assets, net15,234 14,790 
Other non-current assets2,425 2,351 
Total assets$181,768 $189,082 
LIABILITIES and SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$12,545 $12,729 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities11,197 8,124 
Contract liabilities4,125 5,300 
Loan payable - current852 852 
Operating lease liabilities - current2,530 2,213 
Total current liabilities31,249 29,218 
Line of credit6,638 9,599 
Loan payable - non-current4,829 5,042 
Operating lease liabilities - non-current26,121 21,625 
Asset retirement obligations4,110 4,664 
Other long-term liabilities 106 
Total liabilities72,947 70,254 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 13)
Shareholders’ equity:
Common stock, no par value, 100,000 shares authorized; 44,774 shares issued and 37,868 shares outstanding as of December 31, 2022; 44,497 shares issued and 37,591 shares outstanding as of September 30, 2022
789,080 787,347 
Treasury stock at cost; 6,906 shares as of December 31, 2022 and September 30, 2022
(47,721)(47,721)
Accumulated other comprehensive income1,254 1,301 
Accumulated deficit(633,792)(622,099)
Total shareholders’ equity108,821 118,828 
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity$181,768 $189,082 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
6

Table of Contents

EMCORE CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE (LOSS) INCOME

Three Months Ended December 31,
(in thousands, except per share data)
20222021
Revenue$24,953 $42,236 
Cost of revenue21,894 26,439 
Gross profit3,059 15,797 
Operating expense:
Selling, general, and administrative9,944 7,187 
Research and development5,351 4,627 
Severance475 1,298 
(Gain) loss on sale of assets(1,171)187 
Total operating expense14,599 13,299 
Operating (loss) income(11,540)2,498 
Other (expense) income:
Interest expense, net(241)(11)
Foreign exchange gain75 42 
Other income107  
Total other (expense) income(59)31 
(Loss) income before income tax expense(11,599)2,529 
Income tax expense(94)(115)
Net (loss) income$(11,693)$2,414 
Foreign exchange translation adjustment47 20 
Comprehensive (loss) income$(11,646)$2,434 
Per share data:
Net (loss) income per basic share$(0.31)$0.07 
Weighted-average number of basic shares outstanding37,557 36,950 
Net (loss) income per diluted share$(0.31)$0.06 
Weighted-average number of diluted shares outstanding37,557 39,031 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
7

Table of Contents

EMCORE CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

Three Months Ended December 31,
(in thousands)
20222021
Shares of common stock
Balance, beginning of period37,591 36,984 
Stock-based compensation277 285 
Stock option exercises 6 
Balance, end of period37,868 37,275 
Value of common stock
Balance, beginning of period$787,347 $782,266 
Stock-based compensation1,734 1,088 
Stock option exercises 29 
Tax withholding paid on behalf of employees for stock-based awards(1)(54)
Balance, end of period789,080 783,329 
Treasury stock, beginning and end of period(47,721)(47,721)
Accumulated other comprehensive income
Balance, beginning of period1,301 687 
Translation adjustment(47)20 
Pension income
Balance, end of period1,254 707 
Accumulated deficit
Balance, beginning of period(622,099)(597,766)
Net (loss) income(11,693)2,414 
Balance, end of period(633,792)(595,352)
Total shareholders’ equity$108,821 $140,963 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

8

Table of Contents

EMCORE CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

Three Months Ended December 31,
(in thousands)
20222021
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net (loss) income$(11,693)$2,414 
Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization expense2,034 1,010 
Stock-based compensation expense1,734 1,088 
Provision adjustments related to credit loss24 165 
Provision adjustments related to product warranty(11)77 
(Gain) loss on disposal of property, plant, and equipment(1,171)187 
Other(133)(60)
Total non-cash adjustments2,477 2,467 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable and contract assets(77)(575)
Inventory(2,504)1,126 
Other assets(3,361)(6,773)
Accounts payable(308)546 
Contract liabilities(1,175)505 
Operating lease liabilities - current318 (258)
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities7,447 6,761 
Total change in operating assets and liabilities340 1,332 
Net cash provided by operating activities(8,876)6,213 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Purchase of equipment(818)(1,946)
Proceeds from disposal of property, plant, and equipment10,900 10 
Net cash used in investing activities10,082 (1,936)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from borrowings of credit facilities393  
Payments towards credit facilities(3,567) 
Proceeds from employee stock purchase plans and exercise of equity awards 29 
Taxes paid related to net share settlement of equity awards(1)(54)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities(3,175)(25)
Effect of exchange rate changes provided by foreign currency11 24 
Net (decrease) increase in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash(1,958)4,276 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at beginning of period26,145 71,682 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at end of period$24,187 $75,958 
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION
Cash paid during the period for interest$359 $15 
NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Changes in accounts payable related to purchases of equipment$122 $(285)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
9

Table of Contents

EMCORE CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 1.    Description of Business

EMCORE Corporation (referred to herein, together with its subsidiaries, as the “Company,” “we,” “our,” or “EMCORE”) is a leading provider of sensors for navigation in the aerospace and defense market as well as a manufacturer of chips, laser components, and optical subsystems for use in the Broadband and Cable TV (“CATV”) industries. We pioneered the linear fiber optic transmission technology that enabled the world’s first delivery of CATV directly on fiber, and today are a leading provider of advanced mixed-signal products serving the aerospace and defense and broadband communications markets. The mixed-signal technology, at the heart of our broadband communications products, is shared with our fiber optic gyros (“FOGs”) and other inertial sensors to provide the aerospace and defense markets with state-of-the-art navigation systems technology. Over the last three years, we have expanded our scale and portfolio of inertial sensor products through the acquisitions of Systron Donner Inertial, Inc. (“SDI”) in June 2019, the Space and Navigation (“S&N”) business of L3Harris Technologies, Inc. (“L3H”) in April 2022, and the FOG and Inertial Navigation Systems business (“EMCORE Chicago”) of KVH Industries, Inc. (“KVH”) in August 2022. We have fully vertically-integrated manufacturing capability at our headquarters in Alhambra, CA, and at our facilities in Budd Lake, NJ, Concord, CA, and Tinley Park, IL (the “Tinley Park Facility”). These facilities support our vertically-integrated manufacturing strategy for quartz, FOG, and Ring Laser Gyro products for navigation systems, and for our chip, laser, transmitter, and receiver products for broadband applications. We design and manufacture industry-leading Quartz Mems (“QMEMS”), lithium niobate, and indium phosphide (InP) chip-level technology to deliver state-of-the-art component and system-level products across our end-market applications. Our best-in-class components and systems support a broad array of applications including navigation and inertial sensing, defense optoelectronics, broadband communications, optical sensing, and specialty chips for telecom and data center applications.

NOTE 2.    Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim information, and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Accordingly, they do not include all information and notes required by U.S. GAAP for annual financial statements. In our opinion, the interim financial statements reflect all adjustments, which are all normal recurring adjustments, that are necessary to provide a fair presentation of the financial results for the interim periods presented. Operating results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for an entire fiscal year. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2022 has been derived from the audited consolidated financial statements as of such date. For a more complete understanding of our business, financial position, operating results, cash flows, risk factors, and other matters, please refer to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2022.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, as of the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported period. Such estimates include accounts receivable, inventories, goodwill, long-lived assets, product warranty liabilities, legal contingencies, income taxes, asset retirement obligations, and pension obligation, as well as the evaluation associated with the Company's assessment of its ability to continue as a going concern.

We develop estimates based on historical experience and on various assumptions about the future that are believed to be reasonable based on the best information available to us. Our reported financial position or results of operations may be materially different under changed conditions or when using different estimates and assumptions, particularly with respect to significant accounting policies. In the event that estimates or assumptions prove to differ from actual results, adjustments are made in subsequent periods to reflect more current information.

NOTE 3.    Acquisitions

On April 29, 2022, we completed the acquisition of the L3H S&N business for a total purchase price of approximately $5.0 million in cash, exclusive of transaction costs and expenses and subject to certain post-closing working capital adjustments, resulting in a final adjusted purchase consideration transferred of $4.9 million. Following the closing, S&N results are included in our Aerospace and Defense (“A&D”) reportable segment and in our consolidated financial statements beginning
10

Table of Contents

on the acquisition date. Revenue and net income of S&N of $5.5 million and $1.1 million, respectively, is included in our condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive (loss) income for the three months ended December 31, 2022.

On August 9, 2022, we completed the acquisition of EMCORE Chicago pursuant to which we acquired substantially all of KVH's assets and liabilities primarily related to its FOG and Inertial Navigation Systems business, including property interests in the Tinley Park Facility, for aggregate consideration of approximately $55.0 million, exclusive of transaction costs and expenses and subject to certain post-closing working capital adjustments. Following the closing, EMCORE Chicago results are included in our A&D reportable segment and in our consolidated financial statements beginning on the acquisition date. Revenue and net income of EMCORE Chicago of $7.8 million and $1.4 million, respectively, is included in our condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive (loss) income for the three months ended December 31, 2022.

Preliminary Purchase Price Allocation

The total purchase price for each of the S&N acquisition and the EMCORE Chicago acquisition was allocated to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values as of the acquisition date. Due to the fact that each such acquisition occurred in the most recent 12-month period, the Company's fair value estimates for the purchase price allocations are preliminary. The final determination of fair value for the assets acquired and liabilities assumed is subject to further change and will be completed as soon as possible, but no later than one year from the applicable acquisition date. Since the acquisition, the preliminary purchase price allocation for S&N has changed by a $2.3 million reduction to contract assets and a $0.6 million reduction to asset retirement obligation, resulting in a corresponding increase to intangible assets and goodwill acquired. Goodwill is measured as the excess of the fair value of the purchase consideration transferred over the fair value of the identifiable net assets. Any changes in the fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed during the measurement period may result in a material adjustment to goodwill. Goodwill from these acquisitions totaled $16.4 million, of which 81.1% was the result of the EMCORE Chicago acquisition, which expanded EMCORE's competitive position in the Inertial Navigation market.

The table below represents the preliminary purchase price allocation to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed of S&N based on their estimated fair values as of the acquisition date based on management’s best estimates and assumptions:
(in thousands)Amount
Tangible assets acquired:
Accounts receivable$803 
Inventory370 
Contract assets3,920 
Operating lease right-of-use assets1,529 
Property, plant, and equipment1,996 
Net pension benefit assets1,727 
Intangible assets acquired2,740 
Goodwill3,108 
Liabilities assumed:
Accounts payable(1,226)
Accrued expenses(622)
Contract liabilities(6,024)
Operating lease liabilities(1,565)
Asset retirement obligation(1,895)
Total purchase consideration$4,861 

The table below represents the preliminary purchase price allocation to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed of EMCORE Chicago based on their estimated fair values as of the acquisition date based on management’s best estimates and assumptions:
11

Table of Contents

(in thousands)Amount
Tangible assets acquired:
Accounts receivable$4,977 
Inventory10,800 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets1,483 
Property, plant, and equipment14,442 
Intangible assets acquired12,770 
Goodwill13,342 
Liabilities assumed:
Accounts payable(1,699)
Accrued expenses(485)
Contract liabilities(637)
Other long-term liabilities(8)
Total purchase consideration$54,985 

Included in intangible assets acquired are customer relationships of $4.0 million, technology of $2.6 million, in-process research and development of $6.7 million, and trademarks of $2.2 million.

For the three months ended December 31, 2022, the Company incurred transaction costs of approximately $2.1 million, in connection with the acquisitions, which were expensed as incurred and included in selling, general, and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses within the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive (loss) income.

Unaudited Pro Forma Financial Information

The following unaudited pro forma financial information presented for the three months ended December 31, 2021 does not purport to be indicative of the results of operations that would have been achieved had the EMCORE Chicago acquisition been consummated on October 1, 2020, nor of the results which may occur in the future. The pro forma amounts are based upon available information and certain assumptions that the Company believes are reasonable.


12

Table of Contents

Three Months Ended December 31, 2021
Historical
(in thousands, except per share data)
EMCORE Corporation
(excluding EMCORE Chicago)
EMCORE ChicagoPro Forma AdjustmentsPro Forma Combined
Revenue
$42,236 $7,698 $ $49,934 
Cost of revenue
26,439 5,827 171 (a)32,437 
Gross profit
15,797 1,871 (171)17,497 
Operating expense:
Selling, general, and administrative
7,187 2,684 (1,026)(a)(b)8,845 
Research and development
4,627 1,443 (264)(a)(b)5,806 
Severance
1,298   1,298 
(Gain) loss on sale of assets
187   187 
Total operating expense
13,299 4,127 (1,290)16,136 
Operating (loss) income
2,498 (2,256)1,119 1,361 
Other (expense) income:
0
Interest expense, net
(11) 318 (c)307 
Foreign exchange gain
42   42 
Other income— 33  33 
Total other (expense) income
31 33 318 382 
(Loss) income before income tax expense
2,529 (2,223)1,437 1,743 
Income tax expense
(115)(13)(5)(d)(e)(133)
Net (loss) income
2,414 (2,236)1,432 1,610 
Foreign exchange translation adjustment
20   20 
Comprehensive (loss) income
$2,434 $(2,236)1,432 $1,630 
Per share data:
Net (loss) income per basic share
$0.07 $ $0.04 
Weighted-average number of basic shares outstanding
36,950 36,950 
Net (loss) income per diluted share
$0.06 $ $0.04 
Weighted-average number of diluted shares outstanding
39,031  39,031 

(a) Reflects the impact to depreciation expense and amortization expense as a result of the change in fair value of property, plant, and equipment and intangible assets acquired. Adjustment was made to the unaudited pro forma condensed combined statements of operations for the three months ended December 31, 2022.

(b) Reflects the deduction of various sales, general, and administrative and research and development expenses allocated from corporate overhead to EMCORE Chicago during the periods presented that will not be incurred on an ongoing basis as a result of existing EMCORE management structures in place, which will provide the same support to EMCORE Chicago upon completion of a transition services agreement entered into between EMCORE and KVH in connection with the EMCORE Chicago acquisition. Amounts were estimated based on historical allocation included in the stand-alone financial statements of EMCORE Chicago. However, actual costs to be incurred associated with corporate support may vary under the EMCORE structure.

(c) Reflects the impact of interest expense related to cash from borrowing facility for funding of the transaction.

(d) Reflects the current tax expense due to additional income and deferred income tax expense related to deferred tax liability generated from annual tax amortization of indefinite-lived assets that were acquired for the periods presented. Such amounts were determined based on the effective tax rate of EMCORE rather than statutory tax rates as a result of a tax valuation allowance covering substantially all deferred tax assets and the existence of tax loss carryforwards present at both entities.

13

Table of Contents

(e) Reflects the deduction of the income tax expense related to the FIN 48 liability of EMCORE Chicago that is not assumed by EMCORE.

NOTE 4.    Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Restricted Cash

The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash reported within the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets that sum to the total of the same amounts shown in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of cash flows:
(in thousands)December 31, 2022September 30, 2022
Cash$18,037 $20,011 
Cash equivalents5,655 5,614 
Restricted cash495 520 
Total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash$24,187 $26,145 

NOTE 5.    Accounts Receivable, net

The components of accounts receivable, net consisted of the following:
(in thousands)December 31, 2022September 30, 2022
Accounts receivable, gross$17,477 $18,410 
Allowance for credit loss(361)(337)
Accounts receivable, net$17,116 $18,073 

NOTE 6.    Inventory

The components of inventory consisted of the following:
(in thousands)December 31, 2022September 30, 2022
Raw materials$24,831 $22,927 
Work in-process10,586 9,587
Finished goods4,181 4,521
Inventory$39,598 $37,035 

NOTE 7.    Property, Plant, and Equipment, net

The components of property, plant, and equipment, net consisted of the following:
(in thousands)December 31, 2022September 30, 2022
Land$ $995 
Building 8,805 
Equipment47,100 42,330 
Furniture and fixtures1,394 1,394 
Computer hardware and software3,379 3,378 
Leasehold improvements7,750 7,180 
Construction in progress5,528 9,886 
Property, plant, and equipment, gross$65,151 $73,968 
Accumulated depreciation(37,491)(36,101)
Property, plant, and equipment, net$27,660 $37,867 

Depreciation expense totaled $1.5 million during the three months ended December 31, 2022. During the three months ended December 31, 2022, the Company consummated the sale of the real property interests in the Tinley Park Facility to 8400 W
14

Table of Contents

185TH STREET INVESTORS, LLC, resulting in net proceeds of approximately $10.3 million and a gain on sale of assets of $1.2 million. During the three months ended December 31, 2021, the Company sold certain equipment and recognized a loss on sale of assets of $0.2 million.

During the fiscal year ended September 30, 2022, there was a triggering event of negative cash flows and operating losses at the FOG asset group level within the Inertial Navigation product line of the A&D segment that indicated the carrying amounts of our long-lived assets may not be recoverable. In accordance with ASC 360, with regard to our long-lived assets, we performed an undiscounted cash flow analysis and concluded that the carrying value of the asset group was not recoverable. Accordingly, we then performed an analysis to estimate the fair value of the other long-lived assets and recognized an impairment charge within operating expenses of $3.0 million against the FOG property, plant, and equipment by the amount by which the carrying value of the asset group's other long-lived assets exceeded their estimated fair value for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2022. Key assumptions utilized in the determination of fair value include expected future cash flows and working capital requirements. While we believe the expectations and assumptions about the future are reasonable, they are inherently uncertain.

Geographical Concentrations

Long-lived assets consist of land, building, property, plant, and equipment. As of December 31, 2022 and September 30, 2022, 94.4% and 95.4%, respectively, of our long-lived assets were located in the United States.

NOTE 8.    Intangible Assets and Goodwill

Intangible assets arose from the acquisition of SDI in fiscal year 2019 and the acquisitions of S&N and EMCORE Chicago in fiscal year 2022 and are reported within the A&D segment. Definite-lived intangible assets are amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life of: (a) 7.0 years for patents, (b) 8.0 years for customer relationships, and (c) 2.0-8.0 years for technology. In-process research and development (“IPR&D”) is indefinite-lived until completion of the related development project, at which point amortization of the carrying value of the technology will commence. Trademarks are indefinite-lived.

The following table summarizes changes in intangible assets, net:
(in thousands)December 31, 2022September 30, 2022
Balance at beginning of period$14,790 $167 
Changes from acquisition77014,740
Amortization(326)(117)
Balance at end of period$15,234 $14,790 

The weighted average remaining useful lives by definite-lived intangible asset category are as follows:
December 31, 2022
(in thousands, except weighted average remaining life)Weighted Average Remaining Life (in years)Gross Carrying AmountAccumulated AmortizationNet Book Value
Technology3.7$11,001 $(8,424)$2,577 
Customer relationships3.53,990 (213)3,777 
Definite-lived intangible assets total$14,991 $(8,637)$6,354 

As of December 31, 2022 IPR&D and trademarks was approximately $6.7 million and $2.2 million, respectively.

September 30, 2022
(in thousands, except weighted average remaining life)Weighted Average Remaining Life (in years)Gross Carrying AmountAccumulated AmortizationNet Book Value
Technology5.4$10,991 $(8,261)$2,730 
Customer relationships4.63,260 (50)3,210 
Definite-lived intangible assets total$14,251 $(8,311)$5,940 

As of September 30, 2022 IPR&D and trademarks was approximately $6.7 million and $2.2 million, respectively.

Estimated future amortization expense for intangible assets recorded by the Company as of December 31, 2022 is as follows:
15

Table of Contents

(in thousands)Amount
2023$862 
20241,131 
20251,104 
2026702 
2027679 
Thereafter1,876 
Total amortization expense$6,354 

Goodwill is recorded when the consideration for an acquisition exceeds the fair value of net tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired. $16.4 million of the Company's goodwill of $16.5 million relates to the recent S&N and EMCORE Chicago acquisitions and is recorded within the A&D segment. None of the Company's goodwill is deductible for tax purposes. The following table summarizes changes in goodwill:

(in thousands)December 31, 2022September 30, 2022
Balance at beginning of period$17,894 $69 
Adjustments to preliminary purchase price allocation(1,375)17,825
Balance at end of period$16,519 $17,894 

NOTE 9.    Benefit Plans

We assumed a defined benefit pension plan (the “Pension Plan”) on April 29, 2022 as a result of the acquisition of S&N. The Pension Plan was frozen to new hires as of March 31, 2007 and employees hired on or after April 1, 2007 are not eligible to participate in the Pension Plan. On July 1, 2022, the Pension Plan was amended to freeze benefit plan accruals for participants. As a result of the freeze, a curtailment was triggered and a restatement of the benefit obligation and plan assets occurred, although no gain or loss resulted. The annual measurement date for the Pension Plan is September 30. Benefits are based on years of credited service at retirement. Annual contributions to the Pension Plan are not less than the minimum funding standards outlined in the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended. We maintain the Pension Plan with the goal of ensuring that it is adequately funded to meet its future obligations. We did not make any contributions to the Pension Plan during the three months ended December 31, 2022 and do not anticipate making any contributions for the remainder of the fiscal year ending September 30, 2023.

The components of net periodic pension cost are as follows:
(in thousands)Three Months Ended December 31, 2022
Service cost$26 
Interest cost93 
Expected return on plan assets(84)
Net periodic pension cost$35 
The service cost component of total pension expense is included as a component of SG&A expense on the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive (loss) income for the three months ended December 31, 2022. The interest cost and expected return on plan assets components of total pension expense are included as components of other (expense) income on the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive (loss) income for the three months ended December 31, 2022.

Net pension asset is included as a component of other non-current assets on the condensed consolidated balance sheets as of December 31, 2022. As of December 31, 2022, the Pension Plan assets consist of cash and cash equivalents, and we manage a liability driven investment strategy intended to maintain fully-funded status.

401(k) Plan

We have a savings plan that qualifies as a deferred salary arrangement under Section 401(k) of the Internal Revenue Code. Under this savings plan, participating employees may defer a portion of their pretax earnings, up to the Internal Revenue Service annual contribution limit. Our matching contribution in cash for each of the three months ended December 31, 2022 and 2021, was $0.2 million.
16

Table of Contents


NOTE 10.    Accrued Expenses and Other Current Liabilities

The components of accrued expenses and other current liabilities consisted of the following:
(in thousands)December 31, 2022September 30, 2022
Compensation$5,964 $4,213 
Warranty1,522 1,504
Commissions429 228
Consulting264 241
Legal expenses and other professional fees242 275
Income and other taxes108  
Severance and restructuring accruals854 423
Litigation settlement294 341
Other1,520 899
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities$11,197 $8,124 

Severance and restructuring-related accruals specifically relate to the reductions in force. Expense related to severance and restructuring accruals is included in SG&A expense on the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive (loss) income. In an effort to better align current and future business operations related to CATV product lines, we reduced our workforce and recorded $0.5 million and $1.4 million in severance expense in the three months ended December 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. As of December 31, 2022 and September 30, 2022 there was $0.9 million and $0.4 million accrued severance expense, respectively. We expect all severance to be fully paid by the quarter ending June 30, 2023.

NOTE 11.    Credit Agreement

Wingspire Credit Agreement

On August 9, 2022, EMCORE and EMCORE Space & Navigation Corporation, our wholly-owned subsidiary, entered into that certain Credit Agreement with the lenders party thereto and Wingspire Capital LLC (“Wingspire”), as administrative agent for the lenders, as amended pursuant to that First Amendment to Credit Agreement, dated as of October 25, 2022, among EMCORE and EMCORE Space & Navigation Corporation, EMCORE Chicago Inertial Corporation, our wholly-owned subsidiary (together with the Company and S&N, the “Borrowers”), the lenders party thereto and Wingspire, to add EMCORE Chicago as a Borrower and include certain of its assets in the borrowing base (as amended, the “Credit Agreement”). The Credit Agreement provides for two credit facilities: (a) an asset-based revolving credit facility in an aggregate principal amount of up to $40.0 million, subject to a borrowing base consisting of eligible accounts receivable and eligible inventory (subject to certain reserves), and (b) a term loan facility in an aggregate principal amount of approximately $6.0 million.

The proceeds of the loans made under the Credit Agreement may be used for general corporate purposes. Borrowings under the Credit Agreement will mature on August 8, 2025, and bear interest at a rate per annum equal to term SOFR plus a margin of (i) 3.75% or 5.50% in the case of revolving loans, depending on the applicable assets corresponding to the borrowing base pursuant to which the applicable loans are made and (ii) 5.50% in the case of the term loan. In addition, the Borrowers are responsible for Wingspire’s annual collateral monitoring fees as well as the lenders’ fees and expenses, including a closing fee of 1.0% of the aggregate principal amount of the commitments as of the closing with respect to revolving loans and 1.50% of the aggregate principal amount of the term loan. The Borrowers may also be required to pay an unused line fee of 0.50% in respect of the undrawn portion of the revolving commitments, which is generally based on average daily usage of the revolving facility during the immediately preceding month.

The Credit Agreement contains representations and warranties, affirmative and negative covenants that are generally customary for credit facilities of this type. Among others, the Credit Agreement contains various covenants that, subject to agreed upon exceptions, limit the Borrowers’ and their respective subsidiaries’ ability to incur indebtedness, grant liens, enter into sale and leaseback transactions, enter into swap agreements, make loans, acquisitions and investments, change the nature of their business, acquire or sell assets or consolidate or merge with or into other persons or entities, declare or pay dividends or make other restricted payments, enter into transactions with affiliates, enter into burdensome agreements, change fiscal year, amend organizational documents, and use proceeds to fund any activities of or business with any person that is the subject of governmental sanctions. In addition, the Credit Agreement requires that, for any period commencing upon the occurrence of an event of default or excess availability under the Credit Agreement being less than the greater of $5.0 million and 15% of the revolving commitments until such time as no event of default shall be continuing and excess availability under the Credit
17

Table of Contents

Agreement shall be at least the greater of $5.0 million and 15% of the revolving commitments for a period of 60 consecutive days, the Borrowers satisfy a consolidated fixed charge coverage ratio of not less than 1.10:1.00.

The Credit Agreement also includes customary events of default, the occurrence of which, following any applicable grace period, would permit the lenders to, among other things, declare the principal, accrued interest and other obligations of the Borrowers under the Credit Agreement to be immediately due and payable, and exercise rights and remedies available to the lenders under the Credit Agreement or applicable law or equity. In connection with the Credit Agreement, the Borrowers entered into a pledge and security agreement pursuant to which the obligations under the Credit Agreement are secured on a senior secured basis (subject to permitted liens) by substantially all assets of the Borrowers and substantially all assets of any future guarantors.

As of December 31, 2022, an aggregate principal amount of $6.6 million was outstanding pursuant to the revolving credit facility and an aggregate principal amount of $5.7 million was outstanding pursuant to the term loan facility. As of September 30, 2022, an aggregate principal amount of $9.6 million was outstanding pursuant to the revolving credit facility and an aggregate principal amount of $5.9 million was outstanding pursuant to the term loan facility. Also, as of December 31, 2022, the revolving credit facility had approximately $15.0 million available for borrowing. Provided that no event of default has occurred, and subject to availability limitation, loans under the revolving credit facility can continue to be drawn/redrawn/outstanding until expiration in 2025.

Our future term loan repayments as of December 31, 2022 is as follows:
(in thousands)Amount
2023$638 
2024852 
2025852 
20263,339 
Total loan payments$5,681 

NOTE 12.    Income and Other Taxes

During the three months ended December 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company recorded an income tax expense of $94,000 and $115,000, respectively. Income tax expense during the three months ended December 31, 2022 is composed primarily of state tax expense and tax expense generated from the tax amortization on acquired indefinitely lived assets. Income tax expense during the three months ended December 31, 2021 is composed primarily of state tax expense which is driven by the State of California's temporary suspension of net operating loss ("NOL") utilization.

For the three months ended December 31, 2022 and 2021 the effective tax rate on continuing operations was 0.8% and 4.5%, respectively. The tax rate for the three months ended December 31, 2021 is primarily driven by the State of California’s temporary suspension of NOL utilization.

The Company uses estimates to forecast the results from continuing operations for the current fiscal year as well as permanent differences between book and tax accounting.

We have not provided for income taxes on non-U.S. subsidiaries’ undistributed earnings as of December 31, 2022 because we plan to indefinitely reinvest the unremitted earnings of our non-U.S. subsidiaries and all of our non-U.S. subsidiaries historically have negative earnings and profits.

All deferred tax assets have a full valuation allowance as of December 31, 2022, except for the tax amortization of indefinitely lived goodwill, which cannot be utilized to reduce deferred tax assets. On a quarterly basis, the Company evaluates the positive and negative evidence to assess whether the more likely than not criteria has been satisfied in determining whether there will be further adjustments to the valuation allowance.

As of December 31, 2022 and September 30, 2022, we did not accrue any significant uncertain tax benefit, interest, or penalties as tax liabilities on our condensed consolidated balance sheets. During the three months ended December 31, 2022, there were no material increases or decreases in unrecognized tax benefits.

NOTE 13.    Commitments and Contingencies

Indemnifications
18

Table of Contents


We have agreed to indemnify certain customers against claims of infringement of intellectual property rights of others in our sales contracts with these customers. Historically, we have not paid any claims under these customer indemnification obligations. We enter into indemnification agreements with each of our directors and executive officers pursuant to which we agree to indemnify them for certain potential expenses and liabilities arising from their status as a director or executive officer of the Company. We maintain directors and officers insurance, which covers certain liabilities relating to our obligation to indemnify our directors and executive officers in certain circumstances. It is not possible to determine the aggregate maximum potential loss under these indemnification agreements due to the limited history of prior indemnification claims and the unique facts and circumstances involved in each particular claim.

Legal Proceedings

We are subject to various legal proceedings, claims, and litigation, either asserted or unasserted, that arise in the ordinary course of business. The outcome of these matters is currently not determinable and we are unable to estimate a range of loss, should a loss occur, from these proceedings. The ultimate outcome of legal proceedings involves judgments, estimates, and inherent uncertainties and the results of these matters cannot be predicted with certainty. Professional legal fees are expensed when incurred. We accrue for contingent losses when such losses are probable and reasonably estimable. In the event that estimates or assumptions prove to differ from actual results, adjustments are made in subsequent periods to reflect more current information. Should we fail to prevail in any legal matter, or should several legal matters be resolved against the Company in the same reporting period, then the financial results of that particular reporting period could be materially affected.

Intellectual Property Lawsuits

We protect our proprietary technology by applying for patents where appropriate and, in other cases, by preserving the technology, related know-how, and information as trade secrets. The success and competitive position of our product lines are impacted by our ability to obtain intellectual property protection for our research and development efforts. We have, from time to time, exchanged correspondence with third parties regarding the assertion of patent or other intellectual property rights in connection with certain of our products and processes.

Resilience Litigation

In February 2021, Resilience Capital (“Resilience”) filed a complaint against us with the Delaware Chancery Court containing claims arising from the February 2020 sale of SDI’s real property (the “Concord Property Sale”) located in Concord, California (the “Concord Real Property”) to Eagle Rock Holdings, LP (“Buyer”) and that certain Single-Tenant Triple Net Lease, dated as of February 10, 2020, entered into by and between SDI and the Buyer, pursuant to which SDI leased from the Buyer the Concord Real Property for a 15-year term. The Resilience complaint seeks, among other items, (a) a declaration that the Concord Property Sale included a non-cash component, (b) a decree requiring us and Resilience to follow the appraisal requirements set forth in that certain Purchase and Sale Agreement (the “SDI Purchase Agreement”), dated as of June 7, 2019, by and among the Company, The Resilience Fund IV, L.P., The Resilience Fund IV-A, L.P., Aerospace Newco Holdings, Inc. and Ember Acquisition Sub, Inc., (c) recovery of Resilience’s costs and expenses, and (d) pre- and post-judgment interest.
In April 2021, we filed with the Delaware Chancery Court our answer to the Resilience complaint and counterclaims against Resilience, in which we are seeking, among other items, (a) dismissal of the Resilience complaint and/or granting of judgment in favor of EMCORE with respect to the Resilience complaint, (b) entering final judgment against Resilience awarding damages to us for Resilience’s fraud and breaches of the SDI Purchase Agreement in an amount to be proven at trial and not less than $1,565,000, (c) a judicial determination of the respective rights and duties of us and Resilience under the SDI Purchase Agreement, (d) an award to us of costs and expenses, and (e) pre- and post-judgment interest. We believe that the claims made by Resilience in its complaint are without merit and we intend to vigorously defend ourselves against them.

NOTE 14.    Equity

Equity Plans

We provide long-term incentives to eligible officers, directors, and employees in the form of equity-based awards. We maintain four equity incentive compensation plans, collectively described as our “Equity Plans”: (a) the 2010 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2010 Plan”), (b) the 2012 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2012 Plan”), (c) the Amended and Restated 2019 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2019 Plan”), and (d) the 2022 New Employee Inducement Plan.

19

Table of Contents

We issue new shares of common stock to satisfy awards granted under our Equity Plans. In December 2022, our Board of Directors approved an amendment to the 2019 Plan, which, subject to shareholder approval at our 2023 annual meeting of shareholders, would increase the maximum number of shares of the Company’s common stock that may be issued or transferred pursuant to awards under the 2019 Plan by an additional 1.549 million shares.

Stock-Based Compensation

The following table sets forth stock-based compensation expense by award type:
Three Months Ended December 31,
(in thousands)20222021
Employee stock options$ $ 
RSUs and RSAs915 554 
PSUs and PRSAs693 407 
Outside director equity awards and fees in common stock126 127 
Total stock-based compensation expense$1,734 $1,088 

The following table sets forth stock-based compensation expense by expense type:
Three Months Ended December 31,
(in thousands)20222021
Cost of revenue$387 $151 
Selling, general, and administrative1,075 755 
Research and development272 182 
Total stock-based compensation expense$1,734 $1,088 

(Loss) Income Per Share

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted net (loss) income per share:
Three Months Ended December 31,
(in thousands, except per share data)20222021
Numerator
Net (loss) income$(11,693)$2,414 
Denominator
Weighted average number of shares outstanding - basic37,557 36,950 
Effect of dilutive securities
Stock options 7 
PSUs, RSUs, and restricted stock 2,074 
Weighted average number of shares outstanding - diluted37,557 39,031 
Earnings per share - basic$(0.31)$0.07 
Earnings per share - diluted$(0.31)$0.06 
Weighted average antidilutive options, unvested RSUs and RSAs, and unvested PSUs excluded from the computation2,807 53 

Basic earnings per share (“EPS”) is computed by dividing net (loss) income for the period by the weighted-average number of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing net (loss) income for the period by the weighted average number of common stock outstanding during the period, plus the dilutive effect of outstanding restricted stock units (“RSUs”) and restricted stock awards (“RSAs”), performance stock units (“PSUs”), and stock options as applicable pursuant to the treasury stock method. Certain of the Company's outstanding share-based awards, noted in the table above, were excluded because they were anti-dilutive, but they could become dilutive in the future. The anti-dilutive stock options and shares of outstanding and unvested restricted stock were excluded from the computation of earnings per share for the three months ended December 31, 2022 due to the Company incurring a net loss for such period.
20

Table of Contents


Future Issuances

Common stock reserved for future issuances as of December 31, 2022 was as follows:
Amount
Exercise of outstanding stock options9,981 
Unvested RSUs and RSAs2,644,870 
Unvested PSUs and PRSAs (at 200% maximum payout)
2,722,106 
Issuance of stock-based awards under the Equity Plans1,128,932 
Purchases under the officer and director share purchase plan88,741 
Total reserved6,594,630 

NOTE 15.    Segment and Revenue Information

Reportable Segments

Reported below are the Company’s segments for which separate financial information is available and upon which operating results are evaluated by the chief operating decision maker, the Chief Executive Officer, to assess performance and to allocate resources. We do not allocate sales and marketing, general and administrative expenses, or interest expense and interest income to our segments because management does not include the information in its measurement of the performance of the operating segments. Also, a measure of segment assets and liabilities has not been provided to the Company's chief operating decision maker and therefore is not shown below.

Information on reportable segments utilized by the chief operating decision maker is as follows:
Three Months Ended December 31,
(in thousands)20222021
Revenue
Aerospace and Defense$21,675 $9,900 
Broadband3,278 32,336 
Total revenue$24,953 $42,236 
Segment profit
Aerospace and Defense gross profit$4,108 $1,684 
Aerospace and Defense research and development expense4,349 4,162 
Aerospace and Defense segment profit$(241)$(2,478)
Broadband gross profit$(1,049)$14,113 
Broadband research and development expense1,002 465 
Broadband segment profit$(2,051)$13,648 
Total segment profit$(2,292)$11,170 

Product Categories

Revenue is classified by major product category as presented below:
21

Table of Contents

Three Months Ended December 31,
(in thousands)20222021
Aerospace and Defense
Inertial Navigation$19,979 $8,145 
Defense Optoelectronics1,696 1,755 
Broadband
CATV Optical Transmitters and Components1,553 28,459 
Data Center Chips407 1,068 
Optical Sensing1,318 2,809 
Total revenue$24,953 $42,236 

Timing of Revenue

The following table sets forth revenue by geographic area based on our customers’ billing address:
Three Months Ended December 31,
(in thousands)20222021
Trade revenue (recognized at a point in time)$19,107 $41,692 
Contract revenue (recognized over time)5,846 544 
Total revenue$24,953 $42,236 

Geographical Concentration
Three Months Ended December 31,
(in thousands)20222021
United States and Canada$19,002 $38,056 
Asia1,420 3,086 
Europe3,203 820 
Other1,328 274 
Total revenue$24,953 $42,236 

Customer Concentration

Portions of the Company’s sales are concentrated among a limited number of customers. Significant customers are defined as customers representing greater than 10% of consolidated revenue. Revenue from two significant customers represented an aggregate of 38% and 65% of our consolidated revenue for the three months ended December 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. The percentage from significant customers decreased due to lower CATV revenue from our Broadband segment.

22

Table of Contents

ITEM 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and the notes thereto included in Financial Statements under Item 1 within this Quarterly Report. The following discussion contains forward-looking statements that reflect our plans, estimates, and beliefs. Actual results could differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements. See Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements preceding Item 1 of this Quarterly Report.

Business Overview

EMCORE Corporation is a leading provider of sensors for navigation in the aerospace and defense market as well as a manufacturer of chips, laser components, and optical subsystems for use in the Broadband and Cable TV (“CATV”) industries. We pioneered the linear fiber optic transmission technology that enabled the world’s first delivery of CATV directly on fiber, and today are a leading provider of advanced mixed-signal products serving the aerospace and defense and broadband communications markets. The mixed-signal technology, at the heart of our broadband communications products, is shared with our fiber optic gyroscopes (“FOGs”) and other inertial sensors to provide the aerospace and defense markets with state-of-the-art navigation systems technology.

Over the last three years, we have expanded our scope and portfolio of inertial sensor products through the acquisitions of Systron Donner Inertial, Inc. (“SDI”) in June 2019, the Space and Navigation (“S&N”) business of L3Harris Technologies, Inc. (“L3H”) in April 2022, and the FOG and Inertial Navigation Systems business (“EMCORE Chicago”) of KVH Industries, Inc. (“KVH”) in August 2022.

We have fully vertically-integrated manufacturing capability at our headquarters in Alhambra, CA, and at our facilities in Budd Lake, NJ, Concord, CA, and Tinley Park, IL (the “Tinley Park Facility”). These facilities support our vertically-integrated manufacturing strategy for quartz and FOG products for navigation systems, and for our chip, laser, transmitter, and receiver products for broadband applications. We design and manufacture industry-leading Quartz MEMS (“QMEMS”), lithium niobate, and indium phosphide (InP) chip-level technology to deliver state-of-the-art component and system-level products across our end-market applications. Our best-in-class components and systems support a broad array of applications including navigation and inertial sensing, defense optoelectronics, broadband communications, optical sensing, and specialty chips for telecom and data center applications.

Our reporting segments are as follows: (a) Aerospace and Defense and (b) Broadband. Aerospace and Defense is comprised of two product lines: (i) Inertial Navigation and (ii) Defense Optoelectronics. Broadband is comprised of three product lines: (i) CATV Optical Transmitters and Components, (ii) Data Center Chips, and (iii) Optical Sensing.

Recent Developments

Acquisition of KVH Industries, Inc. - FOG and Inertial Navigation Systems Business

On August 9, 2022, we completed the acquisition of EMCORE Chicago from KVH pursuant to that certain Asset Purchase Agreement entered into as of August 9, 2022 by and among the Company, Delta Acquisition Sub, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, and KVH, pursuant to which we acquired substantially all of KVH's assets and liabilities primarily related to its FOG and Inertial Navigation Systems business, including property interests in the Tinley Park Facility for aggregate consideration of approximately $55.0 million, exclusive of transaction costs and expenses and subject to certain post-closing working capital adjustments.

Tinley Park Sale and Leaseback Transaction

On December 13, 2022, EMCORE Chicago consummated the sale of its real property interest in the Tinley Park Facility to 8400 W 185TH STREET INVESTORS, LLC (the “Tinley Park Buyer”), resulting in net proceeds of approximately $10.3 million. The sale was made pursuant to the terms of that certain Purchase and Sale Agreement (the “Tinley Park Purchase Agreement”) dated as of November 1, 2022, by and between EMCORE Chicago and HSRE Fund VII Holding Company, LLC, an affiliate of the Tinley Park Buyer. In connection with the sale of the real property interests in the Tinley Park Facility, after considering multiple transaction structures, EMCORE Chicago entered into a long-term Single-Tenant Triple Net Lease (the “Lease Agreement”) with Buyer pursuant to which EMCORE Chicago leased back the Tinley Park Facility for a twelve (12) year term commencing on December 13, 2022, unless earlier terminated or extended in accordance with the terms of the Lease Agreement.

Wingspire Credit Agreement
23

Table of Contents


On August 9, 2022, the Company and EMCORE Space & Navigation Corporation, our wholly-owned subsidiary (“S&N”), entered into that certain Credit Agreement, dated as of August 9, 2022, among the Company, S&N, the lenders party thereto and Wingspire Capital LLC, as administrative agent for the lenders (“Wingspire”), as amended pursuant to that First Amendment to Credit Agreement, dated as of October 25, 2022, among the Company, S&N, EMCORE Chicago Inertial Corporation, our wholly-owned subsidiary (together with the Company and S&N, the “Borrowers”), the lenders party thereto and Wingspire, to add EMCORE Chicago as a Borrower and include certain of its assets in the borrowing base (as amended, the “Credit Agreement”). The Credit Agreement provides for two credit facilities: (a) an asset-based revolving credit facility in an aggregate principal amount of up to $40.0 million, subject to a borrowing base consisting of eligible accounts receivable and eligible inventory (subject to certain reserves), and (b) a term loan facility in an aggregate principal amount of $5,965,000. The proceeds of the loans made under the Credit Agreement may be used for general corporate purposes. Borrowings under the Credit Agreement will mature on August 8, 2025, and bears interest at a rate per annum equal to term SOFR plus a margin of (i) 3.75% or 5.50% in the case of revolving loans, depending on the applicable assets corresponding to the borrowing base pursuant to which the applicable loans are made and (ii) 5.50% in the case of the term loan. In addition, the Borrowers are responsible for Wingspire’s annual collateral monitoring fees as well as the lenders’ fees and expenses. The Borrowers may also be required to pay an unused line fee of 0.50% in respect of the undrawn portion of the revolving commitments, which is generally based on average daily usage of the revolving facility during the immediately preceding month.

The Credit Agreement contains representations and warranties, affirmative and negative covenants that are generally customary for credit facilities of this type. Among others, the Credit Agreement contains various covenants that, subject to agreed-upon exceptions, limit the Borrowers’ and their respective subsidiaries’ ability to incur indebtedness, grant liens, enter into sale and leaseback transactions, enter into swap agreements, make loans, acquisitions and investments, change the nature of their business, acquire or sell assets or consolidate or merge with or into other persons or entities, declare or pay dividends or make other restricted payments, enter into transactions with affiliates, enter into burdensome agreements, change fiscal year, amend organizational documents, and use proceeds to fund any activities of or business with any person that is the subject of governmental sanctions. In addition, the Credit Agreement requires that, for any period commencing upon the occurrence of an event of default or excess availability under the Credit Agreement being less than the greater of $5.0 million and 15% of the revolving commitments until such time as no event of default is continuing and excess availability under the Credit Agreement is at least the greater of $5.0 million and 15% of the revolving commitments for a period of 60 consecutive days, the Borrowers satisfy a consolidated fixed charge coverage ratio of not less than 1.10:1.00. The Credit Agreement also includes customary events of default, the occurrence of which, following any applicable grace period, would permit the lenders to, among other things, declare the principal, accrued interest and other obligations of the Borrowers under the Credit Agreement to be immediately due and payable, and exercise rights and remedies available to the lenders under the Credit Agreement or applicable law or equity.

In connection with the Credit Agreement, the Borrowers entered into a pledge and security agreement pursuant to which the obligations under the Credit Agreement are secured on a senior secured basis (subject to permitted liens) by substantially all assets of the Borrowers and substantially all assets of any future guarantors.

As of December 31, 2022, an aggregate principal amount of $6.6 million was outstanding pursuant to the revolving credit facility and an aggregate principal amount of $5.7 million was outstanding pursuant to the term loan facility.

Acquisition of L3Harris Space and Navigation Business

On April 29, 2022, we completed the acquisition of S&N from L3H pursuant to that certain Sale Agreement, dated as of February 14, 2022 (as amended, the “Sale Agreement”), entered into by and among the Company, Ringo Acquisition Sub, Inc. and L3H, pursuant to which we acquired certain intellectual property, assets, and liabilities of S&N for aggregate consideration of approximately $5.0 million, exclusive of transaction costs and expenses and subject to certain post-closing working capital adjustments. Following the completion of the working capital adjustments, the final purchase price was approximately $4.9 million.

COVID-19 and Economic Conditions

We are subject to ongoing risks and uncertainties as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The full extent of the COVID-19 impact on operational and financial performance is highly uncertain, out of our control, cannot be predicted and may cause additional challenges to and disruptions of our business, inventory levels, operating results, and cash flows. We continue to analyze on an ongoing basis how COVID-19 related actions could affect our product development efforts, future customer demand, timing of orders, recognized revenue, and cash flows.

24

Table of Contents

In addition, the instability of global economic conditions and inflationary risks are adding to the uncertainty of our business. These adverse conditions could result in longer sales cycles, increased costs to manufacture our products and increased price competition. Given the dynamic nature of these macroeconomic conditions, we cannot reasonably estimate their full impact on our ongoing business, results of operations, and overall financial performance.

Equity Offering

On February 16, 2021, we closed an offering of 6,655,093 shares of our common stock, which included the full exercise of the underwriters’ option to purchase 868,056 additional shares of common stock, at a price to the public of $5.40 per share, resulting in net proceeds to us from the offering, after deducting the underwriting discounts and commissions and other offering expenses, of approximately $33.1 million. The shares were sold by us pursuant to an underwriting agreement with Cowen and Company, LLC, dated February 10, 2021.

Fastrain Transaction

As part of the effort to streamline operations and move to a variable cost model in our CATV Optical Transmitters and Components product line, on August 9, 2021, we entered into an Asset Purchase Agreement (the “Fastrain Asset Purchase Agreement”) with each of Shenzhen Fastrain Technology Co., Ltd., a corporation formed under the laws of the P.R.C. (“Shenzhen Fastrain”), and Hong Kong Fastrain Company Limited, a limited liability company incorporated in Hong Kong (“HK Fastrain”, and together with Shenzhen Fastrain, collectively, “Fastrain”), pursuant to which, among other items, Fastrain agreed to purchase certain CATV module and transmitter manufacturing equipment (the “Equipment”) that had been located at the manufacturing facility of our wholly-owned subsidiary, EMCORE Optoelectronics (Beijing) Co., Ltd., a corporation formed under the laws of the P.R.C., for an aggregate price of $6.2 million, all of which has been paid to us as of the fiscal year ended September 30, 2022.

Concurrently with the execution of the Fastrain Asset Purchase Agreement, we and Fastrain entered into a Manufacturing Supply Agreement, dated August 9, 2021 (as amended, the “Fastrain Manufacturing Agreement”), pursuant to which Fastrain agreed to manufacture for us, from a manufacturing facility or facilities located in Thailand or Malaysia and for an initial term ending on December 31, 2025, the CATV Optical Transmitters and Components products set forth in the Fastrain Manufacturing Agreement. In the Fastrain Manufacturing Agreement, (a) we agreed to pay certain shortfall penalties in the event that orders for manufactured products are below certain thresholds beginning in calendar year 2021 and continuing through calendar year 2025, and (b) Fastrain agreed to pay certain surplus bonuses to us in the event that deliveries for manufactured products in either of the 24-month periods beginning on January 1, 2021 and ending on December 31, 2022 or beginning on January 1, 2023 and ending on December 31, 2024 exceed certain thresholds. No such shortfall penalties or surplus bonuses had accrued or become payable as of the quarter ended December 31, 2022.

Results of Operations

The following table sets forth our results of operations as a percentage of revenue:

Three Months Ended December 31,
20222021
Revenue100.0 %100.0 %
Cost of revenue87.7 62.6 
Gross profit12.3 37.4 
Operating expense:
Selling, general, and administrative39.9 17.0 
Research and development21.4 11.0 
Severance1.9 3.1 
(Gain) loss on sale of assets(4.7)0.4 
Total operating expense58.5 31.5 
Operating (loss) income(46.2)5.9 

Comparison of Results of Operations

25

Table of Contents

Three Months Ended December 31,
(in thousands, except percentages)20222021Change
Revenue$24,953 $42,236 $(17,283)(40.9)%
Cost of revenue21,894 26,439 (4,545)(17.2)
Gross profit3,059 15,797 (12,738)(80.6)
Operating expense:
Selling, general, and administrative9,944 7,187 2,757 38.4 
Research and development5,351 4,627 724 15.6 
Severance1,298